Information Warfare Monitor (IWF), a team of researchers from the University of Toronto and the Ottawa-based think tank SecDev, summarized its report on GhostNet, a vast cyber-spying ring that has infiltrated computers and has stolen documents from hundreds of government and private offices around the world, including those of the Dalai Lama, in Tracking GhostNet: Investigating a Cyber Espionage Network. IWF said that while its analysis points to China as the main source of the network, it has not conclusively been able to detect the identity or motivation of the hackers. The report is available online at www.tracking-ghost.net.
Two Cambridge University computer researchers who worked on part of the IWF investigation related to Tibetan exiles, Shishir Nagaraja and Ross Anderson, summarized their findings in an independent report, The Snooping Dragon: Social Malware Surveillance of the Tibetan Movement. Unlike the IWF report, The Snooping Dragon states that “agents of the Chinese government” were behind cyberwarfare attacks on the Dalai Lama’s “computing infrastructure.” An abstract of the report and a link to a PDF version are available online at www.cl.cam.ac.uk/techreports/UCAM-CL-TR-746.html.