Seated before a machine that checks cigar quality, Orquidea Gonzalez said she is proud to carry on the craft’s tradition and contribute to an export industry that has grown during the COVID-19 pandemic.
“I love making cigars. This is where I’ve spent my life, and it’s an art. Not everyone knows how to make cigars, like not everyone knows how to paint a picture,” the 55-year-old factory worker said.
Her job is to measure in a metal tube the draw of each cigar to ensure that the smoker gets the perfect puff.
Warning: Smoking can damage your health
“If it’s less than 40, the [suction] level is excessive; if it’s more than 80, it’s too low,” she said, her eyes glued to the machine’s needle.
The El Laguito factory opened in 1966 in western Havana to make the cigars favored by the hero of the 1959 communist revolution and longtime Cuban president Fidel Castro.
The factory is the birthplace of Cohiba cigars, the country’s most prestigious brand. The name recalls the way the native Taino people referred to the rolled tobacco leaves they smoked.
Warning: Smoking can damage your health
Rolling one’s own leaves is a tradition that endures among farmers in the western province of Pinar del Rio, where most Cuban tobacco farms are located.
Castro’s favorite cigar, the Cohiba Lancero, which he smoked until he quit in 1985 at the age of 59, is still produced in the factory.
“Despite all the difficulties we face,” the goal is to manufacture “nearly 2 million” cigars this year, or about 9,000 per day, factory head Oscar Rodriguez said.
Despite the COVID-19 pandemic, Cuban cigar exports grew by 15 percent last year, totaling US$568 million, according to Habanos SA, which includes all national brands.
That constitutes a significant boon for the Cuban economy, which is in the grips of its worst crisis in 30 years, with daily shortages and power cuts.
The factory “did not stop for a single day” during the pandemic, eventually making cigars “the country’s second-largest export,” Rodriguez said.
Spain, China, Germany, France and Switzerland are among the top buyers.
Expertly handling curved blades and a sticky substance, dozens of workers put the finishing touches on the ends of newly rolled cigars.
About 60 percent of the workers are women — following a tradition at the factory founded by Castro’s comrade-in-arms Celia Sanchez — that aims to give opportunities to single mothers or women in difficulty.
Another founder, Norma Fernandez, who died during the pandemic, rolled the cigars for the leader of the revolution.
“It was a privilege to be able to say: ‘I made the president’s cigars,’” said Gonzalez, hard at work at the factory, which is housed in an elegant 1950s villa.
Caridad Mesa, 55, started working at El Laguito as a cleaning lady. Thirty years later, she is in charge of spotting the smallest defects in the cigars.
It is necessary to control “the quality, the weight, the length ... the thickness,” she said, scrutinizing boxes brimming with cigars under a large portrait of Communist revolutionary icon Ernesto “Che” Guevara.
Cohiba cigars, which include a wide range of styles, can cost US$30 to US$200 each, in Cuba and abroad.
“Cuban tobacco is distinguished from all other kinds by the flavor of the land of Pinar del Rio,” Gonzalez said.
It is there “where the best tobacco crops are grown,” she added.
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