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Chinese practice 胸有成竹 to have fully-formed bamboo in the mind (xiong1 you3 cheng2 zhu2) 蘇軾(西元一○三七~一一○一年)又名蘇東坡,為北宋詩人、書法家及政治家。他在〈文與可畫篔簹谷偃竹記〉(一○七九年作)中寫道: 「故畫竹,必先得成竹於胸中,執筆熟視,乃見其所欲畫者,急起從之,振筆直遂,以追其所見,如兔起鶻落,少縱即逝矣。」(所以說畫竹,心裡一定先要有完整的竹子,拿著筆凝神而視,就能看到自己心裡想要畫的竹子了。這時快速地跟著自己的所見去畫,去捕捉看到的形象,就像兔子躍起、鶻鳥降落一樣迅速。) 蘇軾此文標題所提到的文與可,即蘇軾的朋友及表兄文同(西元一○一九~一○七九年),他是著名學者、藝術家及書法家,今有繪畫作品《墨竹》傳世,享有盛名。據載,文同對竹子有極精到的了解和知識:他居於竹林中,閒暇時便在竹林間漫步,仔細觀察竹子的生長方式、竹葉的形狀和姿態、竹葉與細枝莖幹的交錯等細節,甚至竹筍是如何生長。一回到家,他就立刻用筆墨把所觀察到的畫在紙上,把竹子的樣貌極為忠實地演繹出來──正如蘇軾所寫的,文同「成竹於胸中」(在心中形成竹子的全貌)──此即為成語「胸有成竹」的由來,意為對要做的事有充分的準備。 英文中有一個說法「winging it」,其概念(至少是表面上的概念)和「胸有成竹」恰恰相反。 此處的wing一字,並非指鳥或飛機的翼或建築的廂房,而是指劇場舞台兩旁觀眾看不到的區域。若演員因種種原因沒把台詞記牢,他們就會站在舞台側翼臨時抱佛腳,或是就直接上台,然後由他人在舞臺側翼幫忙提示台詞。 一八八五年的英國《舞臺》雜誌將wing這個動詞定義如下: 「to wing指的是不知道台詞卻仍能演出該角色。之所以使用wing這個字,是因為藝人常需要提詞人的幫助,提詞人藏身之處便是在布景後面或在舞台側翼。」 雖然「winging it」這個說法源自英國,但把它當作成語來用的可能是美國人──美國《君子》雜誌在一九五九年將「to wing」定義為「做事沒有準備」。 我們可能事前只做了一點點準備,就去「wing」一場簡報、面試或授課。但是,如同《舞台》雜誌的定義所暗示的,即使沒什麼準備,表演者憑其熟練的技巧及一定的經驗,還是能夠順利完成任務。 (台北時報林俐凱譯) 她已經準備了很久,面對這場考試可說是胸有成竹、信心滿滿。 (She had been studying for this exam for ages, and was throughly prepared and brimming with confidence.) 教練這次對於球隊晉級胸有成竹,最後果然不負眾望旗開得勝。 (The coach had thoroughly prepared the team, and the final result was just as he’dFULL STORY

EVERYDAY ENGLISH

A: Did you do anything at the weekend? B: Nah. Originally I was going to go to a department store in Xinyi District to see the Christmas lights, but it rained and I didn’t go. A: So you spent the whole weekend at home? B: Yeah,FULL STORY

Man in thirties nearly dies of heart attack following drop in temperature
天冷氣溫低 三旬男心肌梗塞險死
2017-12-17

A 37-year-old man recently went to the Changhua Christian Hospital after experiencing sudden chest pain. During a cardiac catheterization, which revealed that his right coronary artery was completely blocked, the man suddenly suffered heart failure due to cardiogenic shock. The doctor immediately performed a surgeryFULL STORY

EVERYDAY ENGLISH2017-12-17

A: My dog is off his food recently. B: How come? Is he picky? A: Yes, he is. Last week I had roast chicken, and I gave him all the leftovers. He’s refused to eat dog food ever since. B: Whatever you do, don’t go all softFULL STORY

US recognizes Jerusalem as Israeli capital: Taiwan not to follow
美承認耶路撒冷為以首都 外交部不跟進
2017-12-16

US President Trump has recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, to international condemnation. On Wednesday the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said that Taiwan will not follow suit, that with the exception of the US, no other country in the world recognizes Jerusalem as theFULL STORY

EVERYDAY ENGLISH2017-12-16

A: The air quality has been terrible lately. When I go out I have to wear a face mask. B: Me, too. What with the changes in temperature and the air pollution, I have terrible allergies at the moment. A: Is it your sinuses? B: It’s not justFULL STORY

Taiwan’s Chou Tzu-yu to perform at Japan’s Red and White Festival
Twice 台灣成員周子瑜 將登日本「紅白大賽」
2017-12-15

Japan Broadcasting Corporation (NHK) recently announced its lineup for the 68th “Red and White Year-end Song Festival.” Korean girl group Twice has been invited to attend for the first time, making Taiwanese member Chou Tzu-yu the fifth Taiwanese to perform at the show — behindFULL STORY

EVERYDAY ENGLISH2017-12-15

A: There’s so much fake news on the Internet at the moment, it’s difficult to tell what is true and what isn’t. B: I don’t think it’s that difficult, you just need to see whether the more well-known media are also reporting on similar stories. A: TheFULL STORY

Lin Yi-han and Chi Po-lin appear on 2017 most-searched online names list
二零一七年十大熱搜新聞人物 林奕含、齊柏林離世 台灣最痛心
2017-12-14

As we begin counting the waning days of the year, Yahoo Kimo has announced its Top 10 list of people in news searches during 2017. Compared to last year, when international and Taiwanese politicians dominated the list, 90 percent of this year’s rankings were eitherFULL STORY

EVERYDAY ENGLISH2017-12-14

A: The other day, when I was eating, I bit the inside of my mouth and it’s swollen up really badly. B: That’s happened to me before and when it’s swollen it’s easy to bite it again. A: I know. It’s already much better, but then thisFULL STORY

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