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USING IDIOMS 活用成語

Chinese Practice 一氣呵成 (yi2 qi4 he1 cheng2) to do something smoothly, in a single move 本週的「活用成語」單元跟兩位詩人有關,這兩位詩人在其所屬語言文化中皆最受尊崇──對後世極具影響力、被稱為「詩聖」的唐代詩人杜甫(西元七一二~七七○年),以及英格蘭劇作家威廉‧莎士比亞(西元一五六四~一六一六年)。 杜甫以其歷史觀照、對老百姓的關懷,以及對詩歌技巧的創新、對傳統詩歌形式例如律詩的掌握,而享有盛名。以下的例子是題為〈登高〉的一首七言律詩,作於杜甫晚年,描述他健康狀況不佳的景況: 風急天高猿嘯哀,渚清沙白鳥飛迴。 無邊落木蕭蕭下,不盡長江袞袞來。 萬里悲秋常作客,百年多病獨登臺。 艱難苦恨繁霜鬢,潦倒新停濁酒杯。 杜甫的詩作在他有生之年及死後不久,並未受到廣泛重視,他的才華到了後世才被充份肯定。杜甫身後約八百年,明末學者、作家和藏書家胡應麟(西元一五五一~一六○二年)在其詩歌評論集《詩藪》中,便論及杜甫的〈登高〉一詩。 胡應麟在《詩藪》中盛讚此詩,評其為一傑作、對應完美,每行字句都符合詩律、氣勢流暢,但讀來不覺其刻意的工巧,只有在回頭分析其結構、節奏和押韻時,才會意識到每一字都應對地恰到好處。胡應麟說,只有杜甫才能夠寫出這樣的詩句:杜甫所達到的境界不但前無古人,而且後無來者。胡應麟形容杜甫的〈登高〉為「一意貫串,一氣呵成」,意思是其情思貫穿整首詩、毫無間隙,並且「像一口氣一樣流暢」。胡應麟這句話便是成語「一氣呵成」的由來,意為流暢地用一個動作完成某事。此語最初是用來形容文筆,但後來可用於描述任何工作。 與「一氣呵成」相對應的英文成語是「in one fell swoop」(或「at one fell swoop」)。這是那種很多母語人士會使用、知其含義,但卻不完全理解其字句確切本意的成語。「in one fell swoop」意味以快速、一次完成的行動做好某事。我們知道「swoop」(猛撲)這個字,指鳥為捕捉獵物而突然往下飛的動作;「fell」一字在此語中的意義,跟其現今的含義有所不同。在十三世紀,「fell」意為凶狠、殘忍或可怕;它可指邪惡或惡毒,例如「a fell purpose」(邪惡的目的);或指非常有破壞性或致命性,如「a fell disease」(致命的疾病)。「fell」字的這個意義,便是「felon」(重罪犯)這個字的字根。 莎士比亞在其一六○五年的劇作《馬克白》中,使用──或者是自創了此語,劇中馬克道夫聽聞他全家包括僕人都被謀殺了,說道: All my pretty ones? (我那寶貝的一切?) Did you say all? O hell-kite! All? (你是說全部嗎?被那猛禽!全部?) What, all my pretty chickens and their dam (什麼!我可愛的雞雛和牠們的母親) At oneFULL STORY

EVERYDAY ENGLISH

A : Next month is my wedding anniversary. I don’t know what to get my wife. B : There’s a list here of different anniversary themes, according to how long you’ve been married. A : Let’s see. It will be our 42nd anniversary. The list says “clocksFULL STORY

Farming insects may solve one problem but create others, scientists warn
養殖昆蟲當糧食?科學家警告:問題重重
2019-01-20

Insects have great potential as an alternative source of protein, but further research is urgently needed before mass production begins in order to avoid environment disaster, Swedish researchers warned Monday. There is currently an “overwhelming lack of knowledge” on basic questions such as suitable species,FULL STORY

EVERYDAY ENGLISH2019-01-20

A: We also went to an antiques market in London. B: Did you buy anything interesting? A: Most of it was worthless tat. I did see some intriguing antique French silverware, but it was priced way beyond what I was willing to pay. B: You never know whatFULL STORY

Bilingual Music: the origin of the Passion
雙語音樂:受難曲的起源
2019-01-19

In Christian music, a passion refers to the musical setting recounting the sufferings endured by Jesus Christ as recorded in the Bible. Traditionally, passions were mostly performed in Holy Week — also known as Passion Week — being the week leading up to Easter, orFULL STORY

EVERYDAY ENGLISH2019-01-19

A: It sounds like your Christmas break was a nightmare. B: It wasn’t all bad. I was able to visit the old haunts and see some galleries in London. A: Did you see any good exhibitions? B: There was one on the drawings of Gustav Klimt and EgonFULL STORY

Singer Wu Qingfeng earns acclaim at ‘Singer 2019’ debut
歌唱實境秀《歌手2019》首播 青峰獲好評
2019-01-18

Singer 2019, the seventh season of the hit TV series Singer, premiered on Hunan TV on Friday last week. Hosted by Taiwanese singer Wu Qingfeng this season, the seven contestants on the singing competition reality show include Wu himself, Taiwanese singer Chyi Yu, Chinese singersFULL STORY

EVERYDAY ENGLISH2019-01-18

A: I’m sure it was nice being able to spend Christmas Day with your family, though. B: I was, but I had an asthma attack in the evening with labored breathing. I had to go to the hospital. I’m still wheezing now. A: Was that because ofFULL STORY

Department store war heats up as Breeze Nanshan opens
微風南山開幕 台北市百貨大戰開打
2019-01-17

Breeze Nanshan, the Breeze Group’s third department store in Taipei’s Xinyi District, celebrated its grand opening on Jan. 10, drawing 150,000 shoppers within a day. Located in the Taipei Nan Shan Plaza office tower, the new department store with 16,200 ping (approx. 53,500m2) of floorFULL STORY

EVERYDAY ENGLISH2019-01-17

A: I bet it was nice to be home and to catch up with some old friends. B: Kind of. Unfortunately my closest friend there had lost her voice, so we couldn’t talk about much. A: How rude. B: I don’t think it was her fault. She hadFULL STORY

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