An artificial intelligence (AI) program to assist with drafting court rulings, jointly developed by the Judicial Yuan and Chunghwa Telecom (中華電信), would begin a trial run as soon as late next month, after preliminary reviews, sources said yesterday.
Overtime at courts was common due to a great deal of paperwork that has to be processed, which prompted increased efforts to digitize court processes, from allowing remote court attendance to developing AI programs to decrease clerks’ workloads, the Judicial Yuan said.
Criminal court judges had to process 56.1 cases per month in 2013, which had risen to 59.67 per month last year, the source said on condition of anonymity.
Photo: Wu Cheng-feng, Taipei Times
One-quarter of them were driving under the influence (DUI) cases, the source said.
The AI program uses the MT5 large language model, the source said.
It was fed rulings, precedents and legal terminology from rulings from 1996 to 2021, and was trained to produce legal documents in the format used in Taiwan, they said.
Judges had been happy with the preliminary results, they added.
The system is to assist the courts by generating ruling notices for DUI cases, or aiding and abetting in fraud cases, as they are considered single-offense cases, the source said.
A judge would specify whether a defendant was found guilty or not guilty, whether they confessed or denied the charges, legal acts applicable to the case, whether corpus delicti — the principle that no one should be convicted of a crime without sufficient evidence that the crime actually occurred — is met, and select the option for the AI to proceed with a draft, which would include citation of procedural law or legal articles, the source said.
The output would include the opening, the body of the ruling, the verdict, the facts, the reasons for the ruling and the legal citations, they said.
The program is to take precedence into account to gauge the sentence, the source said.
A judge would review the draft and, if satisfied, could immediately enter it into the system as the ruling, greatly decreasing the time spent on draft writing, they said.
The Judicial Yuan on Tuesday is to select the courts at which the system is to be trialed, the source added.
COMMUNICATION: A US representative said that Starshield is inactive in and around Taiwan, which could put US military personnel at risk in the Western Pacific in a conflict Space Exploration Technologies Corp (SpaceX) might have contravened its Pentagon contract by not providing access to its satellite communication network Starshield in and around Taiwan, a letter from a US House of Representatives committee to the company said. In September last year, the US Department of Defense awarded SpaceX a one-year contract for Starshield access, worth US$100 million. A few months before that, the Pentagon also commissioned SpaceX’s Starlink satellite network to be used by Ukrainian forces amid Russia’s invasion. Starshield is a derivative of Starlink intended for military use. SpaceX has long worked closely with the US military and intelligence agencies, which
TWO REPORTS: The body called on EU states to support the meaningful participation of Taiwan in international organizations, as well as closer cooperation with the nation The European Parliament has backed deepening ties with Taiwan and voiced concern about heightened tension across the Taiwan Strait in reports on two major security policies, which include a passage denying that Taiwan is subordinate to China. The parliament adopted the annual report on the implementation of the Common Foreign and Security Policy in a vote of 338 in favor, 86 against and 122 abstentions during a plenary session from Monday to yesterday. It also passed the annual report on the implementation of the Common Security and Defense Policy in a vote of 350 in favor, 91 against and 96 abstentions. “Neither Taiwan
GREAT EXPECTATIONS: TSMC founder Morris Chang said he has high hopes for the new fab, based on his experience in Japan 56 years earlier, and amid high demand for AI Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co (TSMC, 台積電) yesterday held an opening ceremony for its first chip manufacturing fab in Kumamoto, Japan, which it hopes will improve chip supply resilience and help Japan usher in a semiconductor renaissance. The Kumamoto fab is slated to enter volume production in the fourth quarter of this year. The Japanese government said it would extend its financial support of the project to include the construction of a second factory, as TSMC’s investment is crucial to its efforts to revive its semiconductor industry. The Kumamoto fab is owned by a joint venture, Japan Advanced Semiconductor Manufacturing Inc (JASM), which
WAR GAMES: While US and Japanese militaries practice coordinating troops to stage landings, Taiwan is next month to test artillery and uncrewed aerial surveillance vehicles The US Marine Corps and the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force have begun a military drill to simulate the retaking of outlying islands in Kyushu and Okinawa Prefecture in a conflict scenario, the Sankei Shimbun reported yesterday. The drill, commonly known as “Iron Fist,” has been held in the US since 2006 before being moved to Japan for the first time this year, it said. The large-scale operations are conducted with a possible “Taiwan emergency” in mind, aiming to keep China in check, it said. Unlike last year’s exercises, which focused on on-site training, this year’s maneuvers include strategy formulation and command for each