Led by a savvy commander, Egypt’s powerful military returned to politics with a new look and a new approach. It built a coalition behind the removal of the president and rode a stunning wave of popular support.
Now after its troops killed at least 51 supporters of former Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi, the military faces the question of how it can thwart a determined Muslim Brotherhood campaign to restore the toppled president without more heavy-handedness that could damage its image and undermine its support.
After the opposition protests of June 30, when millions of Egyptians took to the streets to call for Morsi’s ouster, the military ramped up its ongoing charm offensive, tapping into widespread discontent with the Islamist president and pro-military sentiment among the Egyptian public.
To the wild cheers of demonstrators, jet fighters swooped low over Cairo, helicopters flew overhead — trailing giant Egyptian flags and drawing a heart in the sky with red smoke. The chants of “the army and the people are one hand,” rang out in Cairo’s Tahrir Square.
It was a far cry from the resentment pro-democracy groups felt toward the military soon after the fall of then-Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak in 2011. The military was then accused of mismanaging the transition and of human rights violations, including torturing detainees and hauling more than 10,000 civilian before military tribunals.
It is a different army now with a different leadership.
The army officer who became Egypt’s ruler in 2011 was Hussein Tantawi, a field marshal in his 70s who was Mubarak’s defense minister for two decades. Tantawi often seemed out of touch with the new dynamics on the streets and showed little of the political acumen needed to run a country shaking off 29 years of authoritarian rule.
Enter Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi, a 58-year-old former chief of the military intelligence who was named army chief and defense minister by Morsi in August last year, replacing Tantawi, his longtime mentor. Al-Sisi was widely expected to be beholden to Morsi, but that soon proved to be an incorrect assumption: The career infantry officer began delivering a series of subtle and not-so-subtle hints that the military was unhappy with the way Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood were running the country.
What distinguishes al-Sisi from the usually dour army chiefs who preceded him is his energy and outreach. His carefully selected public appearances included a televised party dedicated to orphans and a meeting with icons of the local art and literary scene during a military function. And he was seen in combat fatigues jogging with his troops.
All the while, al-Sisi seized every chance to proclaim that the army’s loyalty was primarily to the people, not anyone else — including Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood.
Al-Sisi’s social skills and well-oiled publicity machine will need to move into an even higher gear if they want to maintain the army’s popularity and undermine the Brotherhood.
The shootings on Monday of Morsi supporters prompted questions about whether troops used excessive deadly force, an accusation the military dismissed as unfair.
“What excessive force? We were dealing with people shooting at us with live ammunition,” chief military spokesman Colonel Ahmed Mohammed Ali told The Associated Press. “It would have been excessive if we killed 300.”