Currency traders are gearing up for one of the busiest weeks of the year.
The European Central Bank (ECB) is forecast to boost monetary stimulus, the US Federal Reserve gets its last chance to scrutinize US payroll data before its Dec. 15-16 meeting, and Fed Chair Janet Yellen appears before Congress.
Those events may prove crucial for determining the path of the dollar, which is poised for its best month since July.
Investors are increasingly questioning how much further the US currency can strengthen after appreciating almost 10 percent this year. The Bloomberg Dollar Spot Index is trading near its highest in data going back to December 2004, while Societe Generale SA’s Kit Juckes wrote in a client note on Friday that the currency is overvalued by some measures. At the same time, futures show traders continue to pile on dollar wagers amid speculation that the Fed will raise rates next month.
“It’s all going to come down to next week,” Bipan Rai, director of foreign-exchange strategy at Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce’s CIBC World Markets unit, said from Toronto. “There’s really a mishmash of event risks to watch for.”
The Bloomberg Dollar Spot Index, which tracks the greenback against 10 peers, added 0.5 percent this week. The measure is set to rise 2.3 percent this month.
The US currency rose for a second week versus the euro, adding 0.5 percent to US$1.0593 per euro. The dollar was little changed at ￥122.85.
European policymakers meet on Thursday to discuss monetary policy and what the ECB can do to prop up sluggish inflation within the region. The central bank is considering cutting its deposit rate further below zero and adding to its program of quantitative easing.
That contrasts with the US, where officials are edging closer to a rate increase as early as next month. Yellen is scheduled to address the Economic Club of Washington on Wednesday and appear before a congressional committee on Thursday, a day before this month’s jobs data are released.
US companies probably added 200,000 jobs this month, according to a survey of analysts compiled by Bloomberg.
That would be down from 271,000 positions added last month, the most this year.
“Our expectation is that next week the payrolls report should continue to show that employment growth is still expanding solidly in the US,” London-based Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ Ltd currency strategist Lee Hardman said. “The divergence trade has regained momentum and that’s encouraging the rebuilding of long dollar positioning.”
The British pound fell for a second day after a report confirmed UK economic growth slowed in the third quarter.
The pound dropped 0.4 percent to US$1.5041 at 4:45pm London time, after sliding 0.2 percent on Thursday.
It fell 1 percent this week, the most since Nov. 6. Sterling slipped 0.2 percent to ￡0.7041 per euro, compounding a 0.5 percent weekly decline.
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