Sometimes in winter you may get a scratchy feeling in your throat just after waking up in the morning, which feels quite unpleasant. Founding chairman Lou Chung-liang of the Taiwan Traditional Chinese Medicine Preventive Health Association shared a post on his Facebook page in which he says that a sore throat is a common symptom in cold weather and it may be caused by any of the following three conditions:
First: chronic pharyngitis
You are probably in this category if it gets better after brushing your teeth, rinsing your mouth and drinking a sip of water. It can be caused by cold weather and relatively dry air, plus the fact that your mouth does not secrete enough saliva while you are asleep. You can use a humidifier while sleeping to help make the air more humid.
Image from the Internet 圖片摘自網路
Second: allergic rhinitis (hay fever)
Allergies tend to involve a persistent stuffy and runny nose plus sneezing that lasts for more than two weeks. You might have a sore throat when you get up in the morning, but it only lasts for a few hours. This is because when you have a blocked nose you can only breathe through your mouth. If this exposes your throat to too much cold or dirty air, it can give you a sore throat. It will improve after drinking some water to soothe and clear your throat. Lou recommends getting a reasonable amount of regular exercise and avoiding ice-cold, deep-fried and sweet foods. He recommends drinking chicken soup, or else boiling up a soup with ginseng and dates and sipping it to strengthen the mucous membranes in your nose.
Third: having a cold
Image from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Web site 圖片摘自美國疾病管制暨預防中心網站
If a sore throat is accompanied by symptoms such as fever or lethargy, you may have caught a cold. Reduced saliva secretion during sleep can cause the mucous membranes in your nose or throat to become dry, which makes them less resistant to viruses. Viruses can stick to the dry mucous membranes while you are asleep and give you a cold. When you get up, make sure to keep warm and put on an extra layer of clothing before getting out of bed. You can also prevent colds by gargling daily with green tea.
For people who often overwork their throat or want to prevent a sore throat before it happens, Lou says you can prepare 10 grams each of dried lily petals, honeysuckle and platycodon (Chinese bellflower or balloon flower), and boil them in 600 milliliters to 1 liter of water or steep them in 100°C hot water and drink it in place of plain water to keep you throat healthy or relieve a sore throat.
(Liberty Times, translated by Julian Clegg)
Retired teacher Sunny Hsu majored in advertising design and he is a former director of general affairs of National Keelung Commercial and Industrial Vocational Senior High School. His mother is in her 80s and suffered a brain injury that prevents her from expressing her thoughts clearly, so in 2018 he decided to go back to his hometown Penghu County to look after her, returning to Keelung for one week of each month to visit his wife and daughter. Being a keen photographer, when Hsu is staying in Penghu he often hops on a bus and goes around taking photos of
I’m preparing for my graduation project (5/5) 我正在準備畢業專題（五） A: Congratulations! You successfully completed the presentation of your research paper today. B: Thanks. Now, all that’s left is the product display tomorrow. A: What products is the graduating class going to display this year? B: Our class has chosen several extremely popular products: beer, masks and chocolate. Want to come? A: 恭喜你！今天的研究報告發表順利結束。 B: 謝啦，現在只剩下明天的商品展示。 A: 今年的畢業班要展示哪些商品？ B: 我們班挑選了啤酒、口罩、巧克力，都是蠻受歡迎的產品，你要來參觀嗎？ （Translated by Edward Jones, Taipei Times／台北時報張聖恩） Audio recordings for Speak Up! dialogues will be suspended until further notice due to the pandemic.
I’m preparing for my graduation project (3/5) 我正在準備畢業專題（三） A: Once you’ve written up the results, the paper is finished, right? B: Not yet: the final component is a discussion and the conclusion. A: It sounds really complex. B: This final section is the most important part of the research paper! A: 寫完研究結果，報告應該就完成了吧？ B: 還沒完，最後還有結果討論和研究結論。 A: 聽起來好複雜。 B: 這部分可是研究報告的重點呢！ （Translated by Edward Jones, Taipei Times／台北時報張聖恩） Audio recordings for Speak Up! dialogues will be suspended until further notice due to the pandemic.
I’m preparing for my graduation project (4/5) 我正在準備畢業專題（四） A: Once you’ve finished writing the research paper for the graduation project, the presentation should be a piece of cake, right? B: Wrong: the presentation is even harder. My teacher has required that each group delivers its presentation in English. I’m almost a nervous wreck already. A: As the saying goes: “Practice makes perfect!” Practice a few more times and you’ll be fine. B: I’ve been using my mobile phone to record the rehearsals to see which areas I still need to improve on. A pretty good idea, don’t you think? A: 你寫完畢業專題的研究報告後，報告發表應該不難吧？ B: 報告發表更難，我的教授要求每組要用全英文來發表，我快緊張死了。 A: 所謂「熟能生巧」！你多練習幾次就好啦。 B: 我在排練時還會用手機錄下來，再看看有沒有需要改進的地方。這主意不錯吧？ （Translated