Tue, Oct 09, 2018 - Page 14 News List

New Apple Watch heralds ‘smart healthcare’ revolution for aging societies
人口老化嚴重 國內外大廠佈局智慧醫療

智慧醫療的定義廣泛,從問世十幾年的達文西手術機器人、將數據自動回傳醫院的血壓機、到基因合成學借助AI及機器學習,能快速編寫DNA序列,製造生物藥劑來治療疾病等等。國際大藥廠默克上個月來台出席工研院產業創新論壇時就估計,目前光是與AI相關的醫療保健產值,全球約六億美元,二零二六年將達兩百億美元;而AI不過是智慧醫療的一小塊領域。

人類面臨的醫療窘境,已迫在眉睫。美國研究指出,每位護理師照顧的病人數,和病人死亡率呈現正相關:護理師每多照顧一名病人,病人住院三十天的死亡風險增加百分之七。

在種種背景下,智慧醫療是必然之勢;因此全球廠商不論其專長是通訊、機械、製藥或3C,都在積極投入,蘋果當然也不缺席。上個月發表的Apple Watch,能支援心律檢測及手腕感應,這讓穿戴裝置邁進了一大步,從以往只能記錄心跳幾下,升級到可監測具有醫療價值的心律狀況。

蘋果不只推出上述的硬體新功能,也在建構生態系。去年它和史丹佛醫學中心合作啟動「Apple Heart Study」計畫,透過Apple Watch收集自願者的心律大數據。今年又與全美逾九十家醫院簽約,病人可透過手機看到自己的醫療紀錄,落實病歷帶著走。若成效良好,未來很可能產生滾雪球效應,擴及更多醫療機構。

(自由時報記者羅倩宜)

Follow up讀後練習

Smart healthcare’ in Taiwan

Anumber of burgeoning “smart healthcare” projects are currently underway in Taiwan, including a partnership between Accton Technology Corp and Taipei Veterans General Hospital, as well as a collaboration between HTC Corp and Wanfang Hospital. Additionally, Leadtek Research Inc has created an integrated AI, big data and long-distance care smart medical treatment system.

Taiwan is fast becoming an aging society, putting a strain on the doctor-patient relationship and exacerbating the shortfall in doctors and nurses, which continues to worsen year-on-year. The need for “smart healthcare” has never been more urgent. However, relying on business alone to provide the necessary research and development and innovation may not be enough to solve the problem. The “smart healthcare” industry also has to surmount regulatory and human behavioral challenges in addition to other problems which will require a fresh government policy, rules and regulations, as well as a favorable environment for innovation.

(Liberty Times, translated by Edward Jones)

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