Wed, Mar 07, 2018 - Page 14 News List

Priority when earthquake strikes: seek cover immediately
地震第一件事該做什麼? 不要猶豫就地找掩護!

Three steps for keeping safe during an earthquake: “Drop,” “Cover,” and “Hold on.”
地震保命三步驟:「趴下」、「掩護」、「穩住」。

Photo: Screengrab from Youtube
照片:截圖自Youtube

Taiwan suffers frequent earthquakes, due to its location within a plate collision zone. People here should therefore be aware of disaster prevention advice in order to keep themselves safe. In the event of an earthquake, or on receiving an earthquake warning announcement, certain steps should be followed. Experts advise a four-step safety procedure: Take cover; open doors; turn off electricity and gas; exit the building.

1. Take cover

When an earthquake hits, personal safety is the priority. Immediately take cover and ensure your head is protected. The three steps to be followed for seeking cover are “drop, find cover, and hold on,” for example by dropping to the floor, taking cover under a solid table, and holding on to a table leg for stability. If outdoors, to avoid being hit by falling signs, seek shelter immediately and squat down until the tremor stops. If driving, bring the vehicle to a stop at the side of the road and turn off the engine until such time as the shaking stops.

One misconception is the so-called “triangle of life,” described in certain widely circulated e-mails and which recommends finding space beside a piece of furniture. The problem is that it is impossible to predict the direction in which a building or piece of furniture will fall during an earthquake. The most sensible solution is to take cover under a solid table.

2. Open doors

Door frames may become broken or misshapen during earthquakes, making it impossible to open the door when you need to escape. If you are within reaching distance of the door when the earthquake begins, open it. However, if you are some distance away, prioritize your personal safety and take cover in the first instance, going to open the door only when the shaking stops.

TODAY’S WORDS
今日單字

1. earthquake n. 地震 (di4 zhen4)

2. drop v. 趴下 (pa1 xia4)

3. cover v. 掩護 (yan3 hu4)

4. hold on phr. 穩住 (wen3 zhu4)

5. aftershock n. 餘震 (yu2 zhen4)


3. Turn power off

If you are near the power switch or gas valve when the shaking starts, turn off the power. Again, if you are not in their immediate vicinity, the focus should be on your own safety.

4. Escape

Do not attempt to run out of the building until the shaking stops. When it does, find an open space, away from buildings with cracks. Make sure the aftershocks have stopped before returning home.

In addition to these safety tips, each household should prepare an emergency bag for each member of the family to carry with them should it be deemed unsafe to remain at home. Each bag should contain cookies and water sufficient for three days use, a flashlight and whistle, and anything else that might be needed. The emergency bag is also useful to keep anyone unfortunate enough to be trapped alive until such time as they are rescued.

(Liberty Times, translated by Lin Lee-kai)

台灣位於板塊碰撞帶上,常有地震發生,民眾應隨時將防災資訊謹記於心,將傷害減到最低。遇到地震,我們該如何自保呢?專家提供四字口訣「躲、開、關、逃」,一起來看看如何實行吧!

1.躲

地震來襲時,最重要的就是確保自身安全,因此應該立刻尋找掩護,並且護住頭部。躲藏時有三步驟,就是「趴下、掩護、穩住」——應立刻趴下,躲進堅固的桌子下,並且抓住桌子的一腳以求穩固。如果人在戶外,為避免被掉落的招牌砸傷,也應該立刻尋找遮蔽處,並蹲下直到地震停止。如果正在開車,則應該把車子緩慢停至路邊,將車子熄火等到搖晃停止。

網傳地震時有「黃金三角」,說只要躲在家具的一側,就能夠確保存活空間。但這是錯誤的觀念,因為地震時並無法預測建築或家具的倒塌方向,有可能反而被倒塌的家具壓傷。找到堅固的桌子躲避才是最正確的解決之道。

2.開

為了避免地震時,門框被壓壞而變形,導致無法逃生,因此若地震時人在門邊,應把門打開。但如果人不在門旁邊,則應該以自身安全為主,首先找到躲避處,等地震停止後才開門。

3.關

如果地震發生時,人在電源或瓦斯附近,應順手關閉電源及瓦斯。同樣地,如果人不在這些東西附近,則應該以自身安全為主。

4.逃

逃生務必要在地震停止後才執行,地震時千萬不要貿然離開家中。地震停止後,最好前往空曠處,遠離有裂縫的建築,確認餘震都停止後才回家。

除了逃生口訣,每個家庭應每人準備一包緊急救難包放在門口,在發現家中不宜久留時帶著離開,其中至少要包含三天份的餅乾口糧、三天份的水、手電筒以及口哨,其他則依個人需求增減。如果不幸受困,緊急救難包也可以爭取多一點的時間等待搜救。

(自由時報)

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