The word “present” is a verb, a noun and an adjective. To present /pr?ˋz?nt/ something is to make a gift of it; as a noun, present /ˋpr?znt/ means the object given. The verb can also be used to mean “to make available,” or “to make readily accessible,” as in, to present a play or a movie, or even, when something becomes apparent, like a problem or an idea can present itself. As an adjective, present /ˋpr?znt/ means to exist in a given place at a given time, so, “there are three people present in the room,” or, “present company excluded,” at such times as you want to absolve a person or persons present from blame or involvement.
Sometimes a scene presents itself: a gift for the photographer, unintentionally given, but gratefully received. The photographer does not seek it out, it is just there. It is present.
Here, in a small, unassuming restaurant and to my right, a scene of red lanterns among the greenery of two trees, seen through frosted glass, presented itself. It’s a simple composition with a limited number of colors. The pink lotus in the bottom left corner initiates a diagonal moving up and to the right, taking in the greens and reds and the blacks of the calligraphy.
(Paul Cooper, Taipei Times)
Present一字，可作動詞、名詞，也可作形容詞。To present 某物指的是把它當禮物送人；作名詞時，present是禮物。作為動詞，它意指「使其可被利用」或「使其可被獲取」，例如上演一齣戲或電影(to present a play or movie)，甚或可指某事物變得明顯，例如一個問題或想法的浮現(a problem or idea presents itself)。作形容詞用時，present指在某個特定的時間於某處在場，例如可說「房裡有三個人在」(there are three people present in the room)，或「不包括在場的人」(present company excluded)，後者可用於使某人免責或不受牽連。