Sat, Oct 19, 2013 - Page 10 News List

Blueberries cut type-2 diabetes risk
藍莓可降低第二型糖尿病風險

A basket with blueberries is seen in a farm in Klaistow, Germany on July 20.
七月二十日攝於德國克萊斯托一處農場的一籃藍莓。

Photo: AFP
照片:法新社

Eating more fruit, particularly blueberries, apples and grapes, is linked to a reduced risk of developing type-2 diabetes, suggests a study in the British Medical Journal. Blueberries cut the risk by 26 percent compared with 2 percent for three servings of any whole fruit — but fruit juice did not appear to have the same effect.

The research looked at the diets of more than 187,000 people in the US.

Researchers from the UK, US and Singapore used data from three large studies of nurses and health professionals in the US to examine the link between fruit consumption and the risk of contracting type-2 diabetes. In these studies, 6.5% of participants (12,198 out of 187,382) developed type-2 diabetes.

The studies used food frequency questionnaires to follow up the participants every four years, asking how often, on average, they ate a standard portion of each fruit. The researchers’ analysis of the data showed that three servings per week of blueberries, grapes and raisins, and apples and pears significantly reduced the risk of type-2 diabetes.

(Liberty Times)

一份刊登於《英國醫學期刊》的研究顯示,吃更多水果,特別是藍莓、蘋果與葡萄,與降低第二型糖尿病的風險有關。藍莓可降低百分之二十六的風險,而吃三份水果可降低百分之二,但果汁似乎沒有相同效果。

這份研究觀察美國十八萬七千多人的飲食。

英國、美國與新加坡的研究人員,使用美國護士與健康專業人士的三份大型研究資料,檢視攝取水果與罹患第二型糖尿病風險的關聯。在這些研究中,百分之六點五受試者(十八萬七千三百八十二人中有一萬兩千一百九十八人)罹患第二型糖尿病。

這份研究使用食物頻率問卷,每四年追蹤一次受試者,詢問平均多常吃標準份量的各式水果。研究人員的分析顯示,每週吃三份藍莓、葡萄與葡萄乾、蘋果與梨子,可顯著降低第二型糖尿病風險。

(自由時報/翻譯:自由時報國際新聞中心)

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. serving n.

份量 (fen4 liang4)

例: The quantities given in the recipe should be enough for four servings.

(這份食譜列出的量應該夠做四份。)

2. contract v.

得到(疾病) (de2 dao4 (ji2 bing4))

例: He contracted malaria while he was traveling.

(他旅行時得到瘧疾。)

3. portion n.

一份(食物) (yi2 fen4 (shi2 wu4))

例: A large portion of the company’s profit goes straight back into new projects.

(這家公司將很大一部分獲利直接投入新計畫。)


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