Sat, Jul 20, 2013 - Page 10 News List

Chimpanzees throw tantrums
猩猩會鬧脾氣

A chimpanzee munches on a leek at Tama Zoo in Tokyo, Japan on Feb. 9.
一隻黑猩猩二月九日在日本東京多摩動物園內,大啖韭蔥。

Photo: AFP
照片:法新社

Like many humans, chimpanzees and bonobos react quite emotionally when they take risks that fail to pay off.

This is according to researchers from Duke University in the US, who designed two decision-making games — one to test patience and the other assessing risk-taking.

Some animals that lost the game — receiving a bland piece of cucumber rather than a preferred piece of banana — reacted with what looked like the ape equivalent of a tantrum.

The animals could choose between receiving a relatively small food reward immediately, or receiving a larger reward but having to wait for it.

Many of the apes became emotional when they had to wait or took a gamble that did not pay off.

The researchers also found differences in the way the two species responded to the games; chimps were more willing to take risks, and also more patient than bonobos.

“These differences might be reflected in differences in how the apes choose to forage in the wild,” said Yale University researcher Alexandra Rosati. Chimpanzees are more likely to engage in risky strategies like hunting.

(Liberty Times)

就像許多人一樣,黑猩猩和矮黑猩猩冒了風險卻無法獲得回報時,反應相當情緒化。

這是根據美國杜克大學研究人員的說法,他們設計出兩套決策遊戲,一套測試耐心,另一套評估冒險性。

有些輸了這個遊戲的猩猩—得到的是平淡無味的小黃瓜,而非牠們偏好的香蕉—牠們的反應看來有如耍脾氣的猩猩。

這些猩猩可在立即獲得相對小量食物回報,或獲得較大回報、但必須等待,這兩者之間二選一。

許多猩猩在必須等待,或賭了一把卻沒獲得回報時變得激動。

研究人員也發現這兩種動物在回應遊戲的方式上有所差異:黑猩猩比較願意冒險,也比矮黑猩猩有耐心。

「這些差異或許反映在猩猩選擇不同的野地覓食方式,」耶魯大學研究員亞歷山卓‧羅薩帝說。黑猩猩比較願意採用獵食之類的冒險策略。

(自由時報/翻譯:管淑平)

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. bland adj.

平淡無味的 (ping2 dan4 wu2 wei4 de5)

例: Not all vegetarian dishes are bland.

(不是所有素食料理都清淡無味。)

2. tantrum n.

發脾氣 (fa1 pi2 qi4)

例: Ignore him. He always throws a tantrum in the office for no reason.

(別理他。他總是在辦公室裡亂發脾氣。)

3. forage v.

翻找;搜尋食物 (fan1 zhao3; sou1 xun2 shi2 wu4)

例: The homeless man foraged through garbage cans for something to eat.

(一名流浪漢在垃圾桶裡找東西吃。)


This story has been viewed 1801 times.
TOP top