The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) announced this year’s third confirmed case of enterovirus (coxsackievirus A6 ) on May 14. A 17-month-old toddler in east Taiwan infected with the virus was diagnosed with mouth blisters (herpangina) at the end of April, subsequently suffering from myoclonic twitches, a rapid heartbeat and high blood pressure, all of which are symptoms commonly associated with enterovirus. Fortunately, the young child was quickly taken to the hospital and has already been released from the hospital after convalescing.
Chuang Jen-hsiang, director of the CDC’s Epidemic Intelligence Center, says that the prevalence of enterovirus has continued to rise over the past month. Two weeks ago, 7.8 of every 1,000 patients were confirmed cases of enterovirus, exceeding the epidemic threshold (6.95), while the percentage of patients receiving medical treatment who have contracted enterovirus increased by 17.5 percent between three and two weeks ago.
The CDC says that infants and toddlers are at the highest risk of contracting enteroviruses, which progress quite rapidly, providing only a short window of several hours for the most effective treatment. It is imperative for an infant diagnosed with enterovirus to be isolated from other young children, and closely monitored to see if it shows any other serious symptoms, including drowsiness, semiconsciousness, sluggishness, lethargy, myoclonic twitches, sustained vomiting, shortness of breath or increased heart rate. If any of these symptoms occur, the child should immediately be taken to the hospital to receive treatment.
(Liberty Times, Translated by Kyle Jeffcoat)
1. toddler n. 幼兒 (you4 er2)
例: A toddler is a child between the ages one and three. (幼兒是指一歲至三歲的孩子。)
2. monitor v. 監控；監視；監聽 (jian1 kong4; jian1 shi4; jian1 ting1)
例: Let’s monitor the situation and see if the problem continues. (我們就繼續監控狀況。看問題是否持續。)
3. lethargy n. 昏睡 (hun1 shui4)
例: After a week of cramming for final exams, the students are plagued with lethargy.