Wed, Mar 13, 2013 - Page 10 News List

Childhood obesity can be predicted by check at birth
出生檢查能預測兒童肥胖

Mothers hold their babies on a subway train in Beijing, China on March 1.
三月一日在中國北京搭乘地鐵時,母親抱著她們自己的嬰孩。

Photo: Reuters
照片:路透

Researchers say a baby’s chance of being obese in childhood can be predicted at birth using a simple formula.

The formula combines several known factors to estimate the risk of obesity.

The authors of the study, published in PLos One, hope it will be used to identify babies at risk.

Childhood obesity can lead to many health problems, including Type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

Researchers from Imperial College London looked at 4,032 Finnish children born in 1986 and at data from two further studies of 1,053 Italian children and 1,032 US children.

They found that looking at a few simple measurements, such as a child’s birthweight and whether the mother smoked, was enough to predict obesity.

Previously it had been thought that genetic factors would give bigger clues to later weight problems, but only about one in 10 cases of obesity is the result of a rare gene mutation that affects appetite.

Obesity in children is rising, with the National Health Service estimating that 17 percent of girls and 15 percent of boys in England are now obese.

(Liberty Times)

研究人員說,嬰兒肥胖的機率能在出生時用一個簡單公式推算。該公式綜合幾項已知因素以估算肥胖風險。

這項研究發表於《公共科學圖書館—綜合線上期刊》,作者希望可用於辨認有(肥胖)風險的嬰兒。

兒童肥胖會導致許多健康問題,包括第二型糖尿病和心臟疾病。

倫敦帝國學院的研究人員對一九八六年出生的四千零三十二名芬蘭兒童進行研究,還檢視了另外兩份分別針對一千零五十三名義大利兒童和一千零三十二名美國兒童的研究報告數據。

他們發現,檢視一些簡單的測量,諸如兒童出生體重以及母親是否吸菸,就足以預測肥胖。

以前外界認為,基因因素與之後的肥胖問題較有關,但只有十分之一的肥胖個案,是一種罕見基因突變影響食慾的結果。

兒童的肥胖不斷上升,英國國民健康保險局估計,英格蘭百分之十七女孩和百分之十五男孩是肥胖的。

(自由時報/翻譯:陳成良)

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. obesity n.

肥胖 (fei2 pang4)

例: Overweight and obesity are closely linked to Type 2 diabetes.

(過重和肥胖與第二型糖尿病有密切關係。)

2. at risk phr.

有危險 (you3 wei2 xian3)

例: The disease is spreading and all young children are at risk.

(這種疾病正在蔓延,所有幼齡兒童都有感染的危險。)

3. appetite n.

食慾;胃口 (shi2 yu4; wei4 kou3)

例: Exercise gives her a good appetite.

(運動使她胃口大增。)


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