Wed, Jan 09, 2013 - Page 10 News List

Allergies, extra weight tied to bullying
霸凌對象與過重、過敏有關

Primary school children march against violence in Tegucigalpa, Honduras on Oct. 26 last year.
小學生去年十月二十六日在宏都拉斯特古西加爾巴,走在一場反暴力的遊行隊伍中。

Photo: Reuters
照片:路透

Kids who have food allergies or are overweight may be especially likely to get bullied by their peers, two new studies suggest.

Bullying has become a concern among parents, doctors and school administrators since research and news stories emerged linking bullying with depression and even suicide.

Studies suggest between one in ten and one in three of all kids and teens are bullied — but those figures may vary by location and demographics, researchers noted.

Dr. Eyal Shemesh from the Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York and his colleagues surveyed 251 kids who were seen at an allergy clinic and their parents. The children were all between age eight and 17 with a diagnosed food allergy.

Just over 45 percent of them said they’d been bullied or harassed for any reason, and 32 percent reported being bullied because of their allergy in particular.

In another study, researchers from Yale University found that almost two-thirds of 361 teens enrolled in weight-loss camps had been bullied due to their size.

That likelihood increased with weight, so that the heaviest kids had almost a 100 percent chance of being bullied. Verbal teasing was the most common form of bullying, but more than half of bullied kids reported getting taunted online or through texts and emails as well.

(Reuters)

兩項新研究顯示,對食物過敏或體重過重的孩子,更容易遭到同儕霸凌。

由於霸凌行為與憂鬱症甚至自殺有關的研究與新聞報導出現,霸凌已成為家長、醫師、學校人員擔憂的問題。

研究顯示,孩童與青少年遭到霸凌的比例介於十分之一與三分之一之間,但研究人員指出,這些數據可能會因為地理位置與人口分布有所差異。

紐約西奈山醫學中心的西梅許醫師與他的同事調查了兩百五十一名曾和父母到過敏門診看診的孩童。這些孩子的年齡在八到十七歲之間,經診斷對食物過敏。

略超過百分之四十五的人表示他們曾被霸凌或騷擾,百分之三十二表示自己是特別因為過敏而被霸凌。

在另一項研究中,耶魯大學研究人員發現,三百六十一名參加減重訓練營的青少年中,有將近三分之二因為體型遭到霸凌。

被霸凌的機率和體重成正比,所以最胖的小孩遭霸凌的機率幾乎是百分之百。言語嘲笑是最常見的霸凌形式,但有超過半數遭到霸凌的小孩表示,他們也在網路上或透過文字、電子郵件遭到嘲笑。

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. bully v.

欺負;霸凌 (qi1 fu4; ba4 ling2)

例: I am not going to let him bully me.

(我不會讓他欺負我的。)

2. verbal adj.

詞語的;文字的 (ci2 yu3 de5; wen2 zi4 de5)

例: The test has scores for verbal skills, mathematical skills, and abstract reasoning skills.

(這項測驗對文字表達能力、數學能力、抽象推理能力進行計分。)

3. taunt v.

嘲笑;羞辱 (chao2 xiao4; xiu1 ru4)

例: A gang taunted a disabled man.

(一幫混混羞辱有殘疾的人。)


(路透/翻譯:陳維真)

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