Doctors have warned of a “lack of knowledge” about the dangers of mixing some medications with grapefruit.
The fruit can cause overdoses of some drugs by stopping the medicines from being broken down in the intestines and the liver.
The researchers who first identified the link said the number of drugs that become dangerous with grapefruit are increasing rapidly.
The team at the Lawson Health Research Institute in Canada said the number of drugs which had serious side effects with grapefruit had gone from 17 in 2008 to 43 in 2012. They include some drugs for a range of conditions including blood pressure and cancer, cholesterol-lowering statins, and those taken to suppress the immune system after an organ transplant.
Chemicals in grapefruit — furanocoumarins — wipe out an enzyme which breaks the drugs down.
1. overdose n.
過量 (guo4 liang4)
例: When he was 17 he took an overdose of sleeping pills and nearly died.
2. break down v. phr.
分解 (fen1 jie3)
例: These enzymes break down food in the stomach.
3. wipe out v. phr.
消滅；摧毀 (xiao1 mie4; cui1 hui3)
例: Whole villages were wiped out in the fighting.