Tue, Jul 17, 2012 - Page 11 News List

Male pattern baldness on the rise due to school stress
升學壓力大 二十歲雄性禿多一到二成

A man gets his scalp examined by a dermatologist in Taipei on July 11.
台北市一位皮膚科醫師七月十一日檢查一位男士的頭皮。

Photo: Wang Chang-min, Liberty Times
照片:自由時報記者王昶閔

If you are a young man under tons of stress, not exercising, and have a naturally oily scalp, you need to be on the lookout for hair loss. Dermatologists are saying that since college-entrance exams recently ended, a number of high school students about to graduate have been coming in to see them because of their cranial crises. In recent years, the number of males around the age of 20 showing signs of baldness and seeking medical help has increased by 10 to 20 percent.

Dermatologist Lu Ching-yi says that the number of young men suffering from baldness has increased due to excessive stress, smoking, and abnormal diet and lifestyles. Some high school boys are even showing signs of hereditary androgenic alopecia, or male pattern baldness, earlier than usual due to the pressures of advancing in their studies, staying up late at night to study, as well as overall abnormal lifestyles.

Lu says that according to statistics, half of the people suffering from androgenic alopecia are males between 40 and 50 years old. But in recent years those figures have changed to include more and more young people, and although some of them are only in their 20s, they look like they are middle-aged due to shrinking hair follicles, receding hairlines, and thinning hair on the crown area. Some high school students who are seeking medical help appear to be in their 30s or older because of severe hair loss, receding hairlines, and thinning hair on the crown. Lu says that most of these young balding people are showing signs of severe androgenic alopecia earlier than usual due to the excessive stress they face taking school examinations and staying up late to study.

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. hair loss n. phr.

掉髮 (diao4 fa3)

例: A person’s average hair loss includes around 100 strands of hair per day.

(人每天平均掉一百根頭髮。)

2. hereditary adj.

遺傳的 (yi2 chuan2 de5)

例: Cystic fibrosis can be hereditary.

(囊腫纖維化是可以遺傳的。)

3. middle-aged adj.

中年的 (zhong1 nian2 de5)

例: Although she was middle-aged, she appeared to be in her 20s.

(雖然她年屆中年,但她看起來才二十幾歲。)


There is also a significant number of women suffering from baldness. In recent years, the ratio of males to females visiting dermatologists for hair loss issues is around 7 to 3. Stress-induced hair loss is the most common cause of hair loss in women. Pregnancy or being in an accident, for example, can cause hormonal imbalances and severe hair loss.

Hair loss has become an increasingly common problem. Aside from the everyday pressures faced in life and the extreme changes in temperatures in recent years due to climate change, which can cause the scalp to become overly sensitive, modern people are also not exercising enough and staying indoors too much, causing the scalp to produce more sebum than usual, which clogs hair follicles.

Many people mistakenly assume washing their hair every day causes increased hair loss, but Lu says this is wrong and that she washes her hair daily, adding that people who have naturally oily skin need to be sure to regularly wash their scalp more than others.

However, people need to be careful not to use their fingernails when washing their hair, and instead use the skin on the tips of their fingers so they do not do damage to the scalp. People who ride scooters or motorcycles should often change the cloth they put inside their helmet to keep the scalp clean.

(Liberty Times, Translated by Kyle Jeffcoat)

壓力大,不運動、頭皮易出油的年輕宅男,得要小心掉髮問題 。皮膚科醫師指出,大學指考剛結束,不少飽受考試壓力的高中應屆畢業生,就因為頂上危機求診。近年來二十歲左右的禿頭求診男性越來越多,增幅約一到二成。

皮膚科醫師盧靜怡表示,壓力大、吸菸、飲食作息不正常,年輕男性禿頭比例增加,甚至升學壓力下,長期熬夜、作息不正常,使得一些有家族遺傳雄性禿體質的高中生提早出現禿頭。

盧靜怡表示,根據統計,有半數雄性禿患者是四十到五十歲男性。然而,近年有年輕化趨勢,有些才二十幾歲,卻因禿頭看起來像是中年人,毛囊萎縮,前額髮際線後退、頭頂髮量稀疏;甚至有求診的高中畢業生,外表禿頭嚴重,頭頂髮量稀疏,前額髮線也後退,看起來像三十多歲。這些年輕禿頭族,多半是考試壓力大,長期熬夜唸書,使原有的雄性禿體質提早出現,出現嚴重掉髮。

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