Sat, Jun 16, 2012 - Page 14 News List

Women still confronted with yawning gender wage gap
女性仍面臨極大的性別薪資落差

Heidi Gauthier, left, helps jobseeker Jennifer Thomas look at job postings online at a community center in Washington on June 1.
海蒂‧高提耶(左)六月一日在華府一處社區活動中心,協助一位名為珍妮佛‧湯瑪士的求職者在網路銀行上找工作。

Photo: Bloomberg
照片:彭博社

In most common occupations women still make less than men doing the same job for an equal amount of hours, according to new data released on April 17. Overall they earn 77 cents for each dollar made annually by men and for some jobs, such as financial manager, the number drops to 66 cents.

“These gender wage gaps are not about women choosing to work less than men — the analysis is comparing apples to apples, men and women who all work full time — and we see that across 40 common occupations, men nearly always earn more than women,” said Ariane Hegewisch, a study director at the Institute for Women’s Policy Research (IWPR), a non-profit research organization.

She added that the reasons are varied but discrimination law cases show that women are less likely to be selected for the best jobs, they get hired at a lower rate and don’t get equivalent raises to men over the years.

“Discrimination in who gets hired for the best jobs hits all women but particularly black and Hispanic women,” Hegewisch explained.

(Reuters)

根據四月十七日發布的新數據,在多數常見的職業中,即使兩性工時等長,女性薪資仍比做同樣工作的男性低。總體而言,男性每年每賺一美元,女性就只賺七十七美分,而在某些如財務經理之類的職業,女性收入跌至六十六美分。

非營利研究機構婦女政策研究協會的研究主任赫格維奇說:「性別薪資差距並非與女性選擇做較少工作有關,這份分析是拿蘋果跟蘋果比,男女均是全職工作。我們看到,在四十種常見職業中,男性幾乎總是賺得比女性多。」

她還指出,(男女薪資有落差的)原因各有不同,但性別歧視法律案例顯示,女性較不可能被選上來擔任最好的工作,她們被僱用的比例較低,工作多年後加薪幅度也不如男性。

赫格維奇解釋:「所有女性在爭取最好的工作時均遭受歧視,但黑人和拉丁美洲裔女性更是如此。」

(路透/翻譯:國際新聞中心)

TODAY’S WORDS (今日單字)

1. yawning adj.

極大的 (ji2 da4 de5)

例: There is a yawning discrepancy on the balance sheet.

(帳目收支出現極大的落差。)

2. discrimination n.

歧視 (qi2 shi4)

例: Women are still fighting discrimination in the workplace.

(女性在職場上仍力抗歧視。)

3. raise n.

加薪 (jia1 xin1)

例: I got a raise at last.

(我終於加薪了。)


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