Sat, Mar 24, 2012 - Page 14 News List

Untold stories of Black Bat Squadron unveiled in Hsinchu
「黑蝙蝠中隊」可歌可泣歷史 新竹重現

Eighty-four-year-old Colonel Li Chung-shen, former Black Bat electronics officer, currently lives near the Black Bat Squadron Memorial Hall in Hsinchu. He served in the squadron from 1956 until the dismissal of the squadron in 1973. Li said in an interview with the Taipei Times on Thursday that the Black Bat Squadron successfully raised Taiwan’s international status. Li also mentioned the E-79 reconnaissance mission carried out in 1957, which shocked the Chinese Communist Party. He was a part of the crew on the RB-17 reconnaissance aircraft. Even while being engaged by 18 sorties of Communist China’s MiG-17 fighter jets, the group was still able to fly through nine provinces in China and gather information on China’s radar system. The incident made Mao Zedong feel embarrassed and angry. Visitors to the exhibition can sometimes listen to Li talk in detail about the history of “Black Bat Squadron” in person.

In 1958, the official call sign of “34th Air Force Squadron” was adopted. In the same year, Li and other members jointly designed the Bat Squadron Emblem, which has a bat for its main motif. In addition to the squadron’s similarity to bats living by night, the bat wings symbolize the ambition to break through the iron curtain. Underneath the bat is the Big Dipper, signifying navigation. The combination of three large and four small stars indicates the 34th Squadron. Between 1952 and 1972, the squadron lost a total of 15 aircraft and 148 men. In other words, the Black Bat Squadron could be called Taiwan’s earliest special ops unit and the special ops unit with the greatest number of casualties. Two years ago all the members who were killed in action were entered into the Martyrs’ Shrine, a way of remembering these heroes and recognizing their spirit of risking their lives for the nation.

(LIN YA-TI, TAIPEI TIMES)

新竹市文化局演藝廳正對面,有棟斜屋頂的白色館舍,每當演藝廳帶給大批民眾藝文饗宴與歡樂時,這棟白屋更顯清幽,其所蘊藏的歷史軌跡,對台灣今日的繁榮,可說功不可沒:它就是二○○九年十一月二十二日成立的「新竹市黑蝙蝠中隊文物陳列館」。館內珍藏犧牲最慘烈的空軍單位—「空軍第三十四中隊」,又稱「黑蝙蝠中隊」—並記錄這群出生入死烈士可歌可泣的故事。以美國軍事援助技術團(簡稱美軍顧問團)宿舍外觀打造約一百四十坪的這棟館舍,就座落在中隊新竹營區原址,別具意義。

在台灣物資普遍缺乏且台海情勢緊張的五○與六○年代,亟需美援,而美國視中共為蘇聯之外,對自由世界威脅最大的國家。一九五一年美軍顧問團與台灣合作展開情資工程,提供軍事諮詢並協助國軍培訓。一九五二年美軍以民間「西方公司」為掩護與台灣合作,在桃園基地成立「特種作戰部隊」,隔年韓戰結束後,改以新竹為基地,並改名為「空軍特種任務組」。除了空投心戰任務外,十四人為單位的組員,晝伏夜出,以極危險的低空飛行,蒐集解放軍雷達情報,展開美國主導對中共情報蒐集與祕密行動。「黑蝙蝠中隊」早期以空投宣傳品、物資及特工人員為主;一九五六年開始進行電子偵測及心戰空投任務。特種作戰期間,足跡北至東北,西至甘肅、青海、雲南,南至泰國、緬甸、寮國。

一九五七年由美方引進P2V-7U海神式Neptune巡邏機,此階段是該中隊從事特種任務的最高峰,也是犧牲最慘重的時期,改裝的七架P2V-7U電子偵察機中,五架遭擊落,共有六十八名隊員殉職。除了以P2V-7U、P-3A與C-123為主要機型,還有各式轟炸機改裝的像是RB-17等偵察機。美方也藉由這些任務的進行,測試這些飛機的功能。這些飛機共通點是無武裝,所以遇到敵機攻擊,只能靠電子干擾以及高超的飛行技術,才能脫險。

經由館內所播放的影片,可見昔日隊員人員對於曾經指揮「黑蝙蝠中隊」的空軍情報署長衣復恩—載著蔣中正於一九四九年十二月十日退守台灣的機師,也是華航創辦人—的崇敬,甚至視他為「共同的老大」,這份情懷,可能要深入這段歷史的人,才能體會。

高齡八十四歲且擔任「黑蝙蝠中隊」電子官的退役上校李崇善,目前住在「新竹市黑蝙蝠中隊文物陳列館」附近,他自一九五六年起進入中隊服務至一九七三年黑蝙蝠解散。李上校週四向《台北時報》表示,「黑蝙蝠中隊」成功提升台灣在國際的地位。他也提到一九五七年一場震驚中共中央的老鷹七十九號偵察任務,他個人當時就在RB-17偵察機上,即便中共出動十八批米格十七戰機,「黑蝙蝠中隊」還是飛經中國九省蒐集雷達情資,成功完成任務;此事件也讓毛澤東感到丟臉與氣憤。民眾有時也能見到李上校在館內親自為民眾詳盡講述這段歷史。

「黑蝙蝠中隊」一九五八年正式對外使用「空軍第三十四中隊」番號。同年,李上校與其他同仁聯手設計一個以蝙蝠為主體的蝙蝠隊徽,除了蝙蝠是夜行動物外,其翅膀有衝破鐵幕的象徵。蝙蝠下方的北斗七星代表航行,三大四小象徵第三十四中隊。一九五二年至一九七二年間,總計損失飛機十五架,犧牲作戰人員一百四十八名隊員,堪稱時間最早,犧牲最慘烈的特種部隊。全部殉職隊員已於兩年前入忠烈祠,感念這些英雄犧牲小我完成大我的付出。

(台北時報記者林亞蒂)

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