Women who regularly eat citrus fruits such as oranges and grapefruit may have a lower risk of blood-clot related stroke, according to a US study published on Feb. 23.
Researchers looked at 14 years of data from a US survey that included 69,622 women who reported what they ate, including details on fruit and vegetable consumption, every four years.
The aim was to study the effects of flavonoids — a class of compounds present in fruits, vegetables, dark chocolate and red wine — on health. While total flavonoid consumption across all six main types found in the typical US diet did not show a benefit in preventing stroke, those who ate lots of oranges and grapefruit and their derived juices showed a 19 percent lower stroke risk than their counterparts in the study.
Photo: Lin Ya-ti, Taipei Times
“Studies have shown higher fruit, vegetable and specifically vitamin C intake is associated with reduced stroke risk,” said Aedin Cassidy, lead author of the study in the Stroke Journal of the American Heart Association.
The researchers called for more studies to better understand the apparent link, and urged women to consume oranges and grapefruit rather than their juices to avoid high sugar content from drink additives.
Photo: Lin Ya-ti, Taipei Times
1. clot n.
阻塞 (zu3 se4))
例: He was rushed into the hospital because he had a blood clot in an artery.
2. derive v.
衍生 (yan3 shen1)
例: She derives great pleasure from playing the violin.
3. additive n.
添加物 (tian1 jia1 wu4)
例: This margarine is full of additives — just look at the label.
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