Sat, Mar 10, 2012 - Page 14 News List

Eating citrus lowers women’s stroke risk: study
吃柑橘類降低女性中風風險

Citrus fruits are displayed for sale last Saturday at a fruit stall in an open air market in Jhudong Township, Hsinchu County.
上週六在新竹縣竹東鎮一處水果攤的柑橘類水果。

Photo: Lin Ya-ti, Taipei Times
照片:台北時報林亞蒂

Women who regularly eat citrus fruits such as oranges and grapefruit may have a lower risk of blood-clot related stroke, according to a US study published on Feb. 23.

Researchers looked at 14 years of data from a US survey that included 69,622 women who reported what they ate, including details on fruit and vegetable consumption, every four years.

The aim was to study the effects of flavonoids — a class of compounds present in fruits, vegetables, dark chocolate and red wine — on health. While total flavonoid consumption across all six main types found in the typical US diet did not show a benefit in preventing stroke, those who ate lots of oranges and grapefruit and their derived juices showed a 19 percent lower stroke risk than their counterparts in the study.

“Studies have shown higher fruit, vegetable and specifically vitamin C intake is associated with reduced stroke risk,” said Aedin Cassidy, lead author of the study in the Stroke Journal of the American Heart Association.

The researchers called for more studies to better understand the apparent link, and urged women to consume oranges and grapefruit rather than their juices to avoid high sugar content from drink additives.

(AFP)

根據二月二十三日發表的一項美國研究指出,女性規律食用柳橙或葡萄柚等柑橘類水果,因血管阻塞相關因素中風的風險可能較低。

研究人員觀察一項美國調查所得到的十四年資料,數據中六萬九千六百二十二名女性每四年一次通報她們吃什麼,包括蔬果攝取的詳細資料。

研究目的是觀察類黃酮對健康的影響。類黃酮是蔬果、黑巧克力與紅酒所含的一種複合物。雖然美國典型飲食主要六大類中的類黃酮攝取,並未發現有助預防中風,但食用大量柳橙與葡萄柚以及這種果汁的人,中風風險比研究中的同儕低百分之十九。

「研究顯示,食用較多蔬果、特別是攝取維他命C,與中風風險低相關」,研究主要作者卡西迪在《中風:美國心臟協會期刊》中寫道。

研究人員呼籲進行更多研究,以更了解這種明顯的關連,他們並敦促女性攝取柳橙與葡萄柚,而非柳橙汁與葡萄柚汁,以避免飲料添加物的高糖分。

(法新社/翻譯:國際新聞中心)

TODAY’S WORDS 今日單字

1. clot n.

阻塞 (zu3 se4))

例: He was rushed into the hospital because he had a blood clot in an artery.

(他被緊急送醫因為他動脈血管阻塞。)

2. derive v.

衍生 (yan3 shen1)

例: She derives great pleasure from playing the violin.

(她從拉小提琴中獲得很多樂趣。)

3. additive n.

添加物 (tian1 jia1 wu4)

例: This margarine is full of additives — just look at the label.

(乳瑪琳都是添加物,看看標籤就知道了。)


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