Tue, Aug 07, 2007 - Page 13 News List

A very special fish 一尾特別的魚

By Catherine Thomas  /  STAFF WRITER

A seahorse is seen in an aquarium in Tyler, Texas, June 14, 2007. 這是一隻在六月十日日於德州泰勒鎮某水族館看到的海馬。

PHOTO: AP

The animal in the picture is a seahorse. Seahorses like to live in shallow waters amongst the seaweed and eelgrass. They like it there because it is easy for them to hide.

Did you know that seahorses are actually fish? They swim using a small fin on their back. The fin flutters up to 35 times a second. Two smaller fins at the back of their heads help seahorses to steer.

Seahorses eat plankton, brine fish and baby fish. They don't have any teeth. They just suck their food up through their snout. Even stranger, they don't have stomachs. So they have to eat a lot of food to keep from being hungry! A seahorse can eat up to 3000 brine fish in a single day.

Seahorses are also special because, unlike most fish, they choose just one partner for their whole lives. Unlike most animals, the male seahorse carries the babies. They have a special pouch where they carry the eggs. When the babies are born, they are already tiny seahorses, just like human babies.

Just like other wild animals, you shouldn't try to capture seahorses. They will miss their partner. Plus, just imagine how much food you'd have to find to keep it alive!

圖片中動物是一隻海馬。海馬喜歡住在海藻或鰻草叢中的淺海。牠們喜歡那裡是因為牠們容易藏匿。

你知不知道海馬其實是魚類?牠們用背上的小鰭游動。背鰭每秒搧動達三十五下。牠們頭部後面兩個較小的鰭幫助牠們轉換方向。

海馬吃食浮游生物、鹹水魚與幼魚。牠們沒有牙齒,所以只能用口鼻吸吮食物。更奇特的是牠們沒有胃,所以牠們要吃很多食物來防止飢餓感。海馬一天可以吃下高達三千隻鹹水魚。

海馬異於大多數魚類,是因為牠們一生只選擇一個伴侶。不像其他動物,雄海馬孕育海馬寶寶。牠們有特別的育兒袋,袋內裝有卵子。當海馬寶寶出生時,牠們已經是個小海馬了,就像人類一般。

就像其他野生動物一樣,你不該試圖捕捉海馬。這樣牠們會失去另一半。再者,試想你將需要找多少食物讓牠活下來!(翻譯︰林亞蒂)

TODAY'S WORDS 今日單字

1. fin n.

鰭 (qi2)

例: Some fish have long, colorful fins.

(有些魚有長而多彩的鰭。)

2. flutter v.i. /v.t.

振動 (zhen4 dong4)

例: The butterfly fluttered away.

(蝴蝶振翅飛離。)

3. plankton n.

浮游生物 (fu2 you2 sheng1 wu4)

例: Whales eat plankton.

(鯨魚吃浮游生物。)

4. snout n.

口鼻 (kou3 bi2)

例: Anteaters have very long snouts.

(食蟻獸有很長的嘴。)


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