Queen Elizabeth II's famous cut-glass accent, the Queen's English, is now sounding less upper-class, a scientific analysis of her famous Christmas broadcasts found Monday.
Researchers analysed each of her messages to the Commonwealth since 1952 using digital technology to track the shift in her pronunciation from the aristocratic Upper Received to the less plummy Standard Received.
Jonathan Harrington, professor of phonetics at Germany's University of Munich, wanted to discover whether dialect changes recorded over the past half-century would take place within one person.
"As far as I know, there just is nobody else for whom there is this sort of broadcast archive," he said.
He said the aristocratic way of pronouncing vowels had gradually ceased to be a class apart over the decades.
"Her accent sounds slightly less aristocratic than it did 50 years ago. But these are very, very subtle and slow changes that we don't notice from year to year," he explained.
"We may be able to relate it to changes in the class structure."
He told The Daily Telegraph newspaper: "In 1952 she would have been heard referring to 'thet men in the bleck het'. Now it would be 'that man in the black hat'.
"Similarly, she would have spoken of 'the citay' and 'dutay', rather than 'citee' and 'dutee', and 'hame' rather than home. In the 1950s she would have been 'lorst', but by the 1970s 'lost.'"
The queen's annual broadcast is a personal message to the Commonwealth.
A Christmas institution, the 10-minute broadcast is televised at 3pm in Britain as many families are recovering from their traditional turkey lunch.
The results were published in the Journal of Phonetics quarterly magazine. (AFP)
他告訴每日電訊報︰「一九五二年人們可能會誤以為她說『thet men in the bleck het』，現在大概就知道她是指『戴黑帽的男子』。」
「同樣地，她以前可能說『the citay』與『dutay』，而不是『citee』與『dutee』；會說『hame』而非『home』。她一九五○年代可能說『lorst』，一九七○年代就說『lost 』了。」
1. analysis n.
分析 (fen1 xi1)
例: Please make a careful analysis of all the data before making a decision.
2. aristocratic adj.
貴族的 (gui4 zu2 de5)
例: The palace had an aristocratic air.
3. dialect n.
方言 (fan1 yan2)，個人用語特徵 (ge4 ren2 yong4 yu3 te4 zheng1)
例: Taiwanese is a dialect of Southern Min.
4. cease v.i. /v.t.
停止 (ting2 zhi3)
例: The regulation will cease to apply in January.
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