Sat, Nov 25, 2006 - Page 14 News List

Globe trotting -- Slovenia 世界走透透 -- 斯洛維尼亞

Slovenia 斯洛維尼亞

Slovenia is a relatively young country, but it has a long history and rich traditions. Diverse landscape, abundant wildlife and unique food make Slovenia a culturally rich nation. Today we take a closer look at the country that calls itself "Europe in miniature."

斯洛維尼亞建國時間雖短,卻擁有悠久豐富的歷史。多元化的景觀、豐富的自然資源和獨特的飲食風格,孕育出斯洛維尼亞富饒的文化內涵。今天我們將深入了解這自稱「歐洲縮影」國家。

A closer look 說古論今

The area that now makes up Slovenia has passed through the hands of many other countries, including the Roman Empire, Austria-Hungary and Yugoslavia. Slovenia as we know it today was born in 1991 after declaring independence from Yugoslavia, but the ancestors of most Slovenians have been living there for about 1,500 years.

Slovenia borders many countries and has been influenced by many places, and this history is reflected in Slovenian food. Italian pizza, Austrian sausage and Balkan kebabs are found on menus as often as traditional venison dishes.

More than just the food is diverse, too. The country has beaches, mountains and plains, and over half of the landscape is covered in forests. This means many rare or vulnerable animals that cannot be found in most of Europe can still be found here, such as jackals.

Despite its youth, Slovenia has done well for itself economically and most people are employed in manufacturing. Since leaving Yugoslavia they have become a member of the European Union and made great progress on human rights, becoming an economic leader in the region. (Jason Cox, Staff Reporter)

今日斯洛維尼亞國土曾受到許多政權統治,包括羅馬帝國、奧匈帝國和南斯拉夫。眾所皆知,斯洛維尼亞於一九九一年脫離南斯拉夫宣布獨立,然而多數斯洛維尼亞祖先已在此居住逾一千五百年。

斯洛維尼亞和許多國家為鄰,且受到許多地區的影響,這種歷史背景反應在斯洛維尼亞的飲食文化︰義大利比薩、奧地利香腸、巴爾幹烤肉串和傳統鹿肉料理均併列於菜單上。斯洛維尼亞的多元性不只展現在文化上,境內有海岸、山脈和平原,森林覆蓋了一半以上的國土,以致許多稀有或生存受到威脅的動物,如豺狼,在其他許多歐洲國家已無處可尋,此地卻還能見其蹤跡。

斯洛維尼亞雖建國不久,在經濟上卻能自給自足,多數人民受雇於製造業。脫離南斯拉夫獨立後,斯洛維尼亞加入歐盟,在人權的捍衛上大有改善,逐漸位居該區經濟領導地位。(翻譯:鄭湘儀)

WHO KNEW? 你知道嗎?

Bird flu is a word familiar to almost everyone in Taiwan now, but Asia isn't the only place that has to deal with the disease! Migratory birds that fly tens of thousands of kilometers every year have carried the virus throughout Asia, Europe and Africa. In February 2006, Slovenia confirmed their first case of bird flu in a dead swan. Slovenia was the 12th country in Europe to confirm a case of bird flu, which demonstrates just how large an area the virus has covered. Since finding a dead swan that tested positive for the virus, Slovenia has worked hard and has contained the spread of the virus. All poultry such as chickens and ducks living in vulnerable areas must be kept indoors so as not to mix with the migratory birds that might carry the disease.

台灣現在幾乎人人對禽流感耳熟能詳,但亞洲不是唯一必須應付禽流感的地區!每年飛行千萬公里的候鳥將病毒擴散至亞洲、歐洲和非洲。二○○六年二月,斯洛維尼亞在一隻死天鵝身上證實首宗禽流感案例,是歐洲第十二個證實有禽流感病例的國家,可見病毒擴散範圍之廣。在死亡天鵝身上檢測出陽性的病毒反應後,斯洛維尼亞便致力防堵病毒蔓延,所有高危險區的雞鴨等家禽都必須養於室內,避免和可能帶有病毒的候鳥混雜。

A LOOK AT CONTEXT

1. Yesterday the US declared that getting a student visa will be made easier than before.

Declare means. . .

a. say.

b. refuse.

c. decline.

d. accept.

2. In Taiwan, many people honor their ancestors by burning money, paper cars, and even paper houses for them.

Ancestor means . . .

a. one's grandparents, great-grandparents, etc.

b. an expensive type of car.

c. a super old man.

d. Confucius and his students.

3. When Sam walked outside on the first day of fall, he saw the ground was already covered with dead leaves that had fallen from the trees.

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