Thu, May 18, 2006 - Page 17 News List

Komodo dragons born to mystery father
科莫多巨蜥出世父成謎

One of the mystery Komodo dragons hatches at the London Zoo.
一隻神秘的科莫多巨蜥在倫敦動物園破殼而出。 (照片:法新社)

PHOTO: AFP

Zoologists in Paris have said they are delighted and perplexed at the births of four rare Komodo dragons, whose paternity remains a mystery.

The four reptiles were born last month from eggs laid at the London Zoo by a female called Sungai.

Sungai normally lives at the Thoiry wildlife park west of Paris, but was lent to London as part of a European breeding program to help this badly endangered species.

But Sungai laid the fertilized eggs before even meeting her British lover -- and the last known possible time she could have become pregnant was two years ago, after contact with another Thoiry Komodo dragon called Kinaam.

The founder of Thoiry, Paul de la Panouse, said that there were two possible answers to the riddle.

"Either female Komodo dragons ... have the ability to store sperm or fertilized eggs for long periods, in this case for two years, or they are ... self-reproductive -- they produce clones of themselves," de la Panouse said.

Genetic tests will be carried out to try to explain the mystery.

The Komodo dragon is the world's biggest lizard, reaching up to three meters long. The creature is carnivorous, killing goats, deer and other mammals through deadly bacteria in its saliva.

The dragon is found on the Indonesian islands of Komodo, Rinca, Gili Motang and Flores, but its numbers have dwindled to around 6,000 as a result of poaching and invasive species. (AFP)

巴黎的動物學家表示,對於四隻稀有的科莫多巨蜥來到人世,他們感到既開心又疑惑。這四隻巨蜥的生父是誰仍是個謎。

上個月在倫敦動物園,這四隻爬蟲類由母巨蜥桑蓋所產的卵中破殼而出。

桑蓋平時住在巴黎西部的圖瓦希野生動物園,但外借到倫敦協助歐洲復育這種瀕危巨蜥的計畫。

不過早在桑蓋與她的英國情人會面前,她就產下受精卵。據了解,上次她可能受孕的時間是兩年前,就在與另一隻叫做基南的科莫多巨蜥接觸後。

圖瓦希野生動物園的創辦人保羅.達拉潘努斯表示,這道謎題有兩個可能的解答。

達拉潘努斯說:「母科莫多巨蜥??有能力長期貯存精子或受精卵,例如兩年;他們有自我繁殖?自我複製的能力。」

Reading Comprehension
閱讀測驗

1. Where does the mother Komodo dragon usually live?

a. London.

b. France.

c. Indonesia.

2. Where were the eggs laid?

a. London.

b. Near Paris.

c. Thoiry.

3. Why was the mother Komodo dragon sent to London?

a. So she could lay her eggs.

b. So she could study English.

c. So she could get pregnant.

4. What is NOT an answer the scientists are considering?

a. Female Komodo dragons don't need males to reproduce.

b. The mother got pregnant when the zoo keepers weren't looking.

c. Female Komodo dragons can become pregnant long after they have had contact with a male Komodo dragon.


基因測試將可解釋這個謎。

科莫多巨蜥是世界上最大的蜥蜴,可達三公尺長。這種生物是肉食性動物,用唾液中的致命細菌來殺害山羊、鹿與其他哺乳類動物。

科莫多巨蜥是在印尼群島的科莫多島、林卡島、吉里莫唐島與弗洛勒斯島被發現的,不過由於盜獵與入侵物種的緣故,數目已減少到六千隻左右。 (法新社/翻譯:賴美君)

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