Environmental group Pick Up America finds an eye-popping (and gag-inducing) variety of items during its roadside litter cleanups across the US: beer bottles, used condoms, porn magazines, vibrators, underwear and hypodermic needles.
“One of our theories is that we find things people don’t want other people to see that they have in their lives. It’s like dirty little pleasures,” says Jeff Chen (陳奕正), Pick Up America’s cofounder and director of digital media.
Pick Up America’s goal is to walk across the US, cleaning up litter and participating in community outreach along the way. Since launching last year, the group has completed pick-ups in four states and Washington, DC. In nine months, volunteers cleared 33.27 tonnes of trash.
But the group’s goals go beyond its cross-country trek. Chen also wants people to look at the wider issues behind the trash. He says many Americans have gotten used to a “culture of convenience” that values saving time with single-use packaging and disposable items over conservation.
“We manufacture so much stuff that we don’t need and it doesn’t bring us happiness. We want to have access to everything at any time,” Chen says.
Much of the litter Pick Up America encounters is not junk, but potentially valuable recyclables like aluminum cans and scrap metal. But even recycling materials uses energy and reduces quality until what remains is finally unusable, a process called “downcycling.” Manufacturing products or mining coal for energy also results in industrial waste, which Pick Up America volunteers frequently see during their treks.
“We walked West Virginia, where all the chemical and coal plants are that produce the stuff that we use,” Chen says. “We saw acid mine drain off, which is a [by-product] from producing coal. We saw that in all these communities, where there are people who grew up thinking that streams are supposed to run orange.”
Filmmakers Michael Burke and Marie Wicht met the group’s organizers at a conference in Washington, DC and were intrigued by Pick Up America’s approach to promoting environmental awareness.
While filming a short documentary about the group, Burke and Wicht spent five days with Pick Up America along the border of Ohio and Kentucky and were taken aback by the amount of litter they encountered. Burke recalls picking up a countless number of glass bottles on a stretch of road 12m long. Just as the group thought they had finally cleared up all the bottles, Wicht took a step backwards and heard a loud crunch.
“We looked down and realized that almost all the ground we were standing on was actually glass bottles that had been there so long that dirt and grass and plants had grown over them,” Burke wrote in an e-mail.
Encountering seemingly interminable mounds of litter can be frustrating. “It’s pretty discouraging sometimes. It’s the same types of trash everywhere we go and it could be easily avoided,” Chen says. Pick Up America’s volunteers are encouraged by the people they meet in different towns, who sometimes spontaneously join in the clean up.
But the group still faces a fund-raising challenge. It has raised 10 percent of a US$55,000 goal, which will go toward outfitting its truck to run on waste vegetable oil, compensation for nine full-time volunteers and community outreach activities. “We run on unicorns and rainbows,” Chen jokes.