US Pesident Joe Biden signed into law a broad competition bill Tuesday last week that includes about US$52 billion to boost domestic semiconductor research and development, calling it a “once-in-a-generation investment in America itself.”
“We need to make these chips here in America to bring down everyday costs and create jobs,” said Biden at a signing ceremony for the CHIPS and Science Act on the White House South Lawn, joined by executives from US semiconductor firms and congressional leaders.
Biden said he had visited the US facility where Javelin missiles were made and said the bill would make the nation less reliant on other countries to provide the advanced chips needed for those weapons systems, as well as other products.
Photo: AFP 照片：法新社
“Unfortunately, we produce zero percent of these advanced chips and China is trying to move way ahead of us to manufacture these sophisticated chips as well,” said Biden.
“It’s no wonder the Chinese Communist Party actively lobbied US business against this bill. The United States must lead the world in the production of these advanced chips; this law will do exactly that.”
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin said the act showed “clear signs of protectionism” at a news briefing in Beijing on Wednesday last week. “This would disrupt international trade and distort global semiconductor supply chains,” he added. “China firmly opposes that.”
Photo: Bloomberg 照片：彭博社
Spurred by the bill, US semiconductor companies are planning billions of dollars in new investments. Ahead of the signing, the White House announced that Micron Technology Inc. will invest US$40 billion in memory-chip manufacturing and that Qualcomm Inc. is partnering with GlobalFoundries, which has a facility in New York state, in a US$4.2 billion agreement to manufacture chips.
Biden was joined at the signing by Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer and House Speaker Nancy Pelosi.
The chips bill is at the center of the Biden administration’s effort to reduce dependence on Asian suppliers like Taiwan and South Korea, whose homegrown companies are leading the market, and to address supply-chain disruptions and resulting price hikes for certain goods containing semiconductors.
Biden’s team and lawmakers have stressed the national security implications of the bill, saying it was vital to competing with and countering China.
A large chunk of the federal grant is expected to go to Intel, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co. (TSMC) and South Korea’s Samsung Electronics Co., all of which are now building new chip fabrication facilities worth tens of billions of dollars in the US.
US to Stop TSMC, Intel From Adding Advanced Chip Fabs in China
The bill also includes important caveats sought by Republicans and China hawks: Companies that receive the funding have to promise not to increase their production of advanced chips in China.
It was a condition made by lawmakers and the White House and was included in the measure over the objection of some chipmakers. Intel, in particular, was lobbying hard against the prohibitions. In late 2021, the American chipmaker wanted to increase production in China, but the plan was rejected by the Biden administration.
While China’s chipmaking champion Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corp. can make chips that are more advanced than 28 nanometers, its technology is still at least six years behind industry leader TSMC.
報復性旅遊（revenge travel）要開始啦！繼許多國家於今年開放國外旅客入境，台灣也預計在十月中開放邊境，因為疫情悶了近三年，民眾終於可以出國遊玩！旅遊是TOEIC測驗常考情境，今天就讓我們來學學旅遊情境中不可少的訂票、訂房相關英文吧！ book a flight ticket 預訂機票 If you are booking an international plane ticket, you should book as far in advance as possible, especially if your destination is smaller or only has one nearby airport. （如果你正在預訂一張國際機票，你應該盡量提早預訂，尤其是當你的目的地是個小地方，或是附近只有一座機場。） booking an international plane ticket代表「訂購一張國際機票」。預訂機票的動詞要用book，當名詞是「書本」的意思，但當動詞時解釋為「預訂」。 Will booked a seat on the evening flight to Los Angeles. （威爾預訂了飛往洛杉磯的夜班客機的座位。） The hotel/restaurant/theater is fully booked. （旅館／餐廳／劇院已預訂滿了。） 除了用booked，要表達「沒有空位」時，英文也可以用all the rooms／tables／tickets have been taken，代表「所有的房間／餐廳座位／票券都已經被訂走了。」 I’ve booked us two tickets to see “Carmen.” （我已經為我們訂了兩張《卡門》的票。） 根據上面的句型，動詞book 後方加上「us我們」、「two tickets兩張票」二個受詞，就是使用雙賓動詞的概念，在語法中，賓語指的是受詞，若動詞後方可以接二個受詞，則代表雙賓動詞。相同的概念還有give、buy等動詞。如此一來，這句話換句話說是I’ve booked two tickets for us to see “Carmen.” book as far in advance as possible解釋為「盡量提早預訂」。in advance是「事先、提早」的介系詞片語，因此book in advance就是「提早預訂」的意思。而as far as possible與in advance搭配，表達提早的時間盡量越早越好。 If you’re going to come, please let me know in advance. （如果你要來，請提前通知我。） destination 目的地 destination是「目的地」的意思。說到旅遊，一定會提到這個單字，來自於destine「注定…」，因此延伸出「注定要到達的地點」，也就是「目的地」。而要表達「抵達目的地」，要用動詞arrive，因為屬於不及物動詞，因此要加上介系詞at來連接受詞。 We arrived
What’s in an earthquake emergency kit? (2/2) 地震避難包裡有什麼？（二） A: Apart from the seven essential items, is there anything else I should include in an emergency earthquake kit? B: Yes. Less essential items include batteries, a radio, warm clothing, copies of identification documents, a light raincoat or poncho, disposable hand warmers and facial tissues. A: Is there anything else? B: You could also include a towel, masks and stationery. You could even prepare a set of spare keys, a Swiss army knife and some cash. A: I’m going to prepare an emergency kit right away. B: Remember to check it once every six months and replace any items
Japan and China on Thursday last week marked the 50th anniversary of the 1972 normalization of their ties, but there isn’t much of a celebratory mood. Improved ties between Asia’s two biggest economies are considered vital to the region’s stability and prosperity, but they remain at odds over disputed East China Sea islands and China’s growing military and economic assertiveness in the region. Here are the key issues in the often strained relations between these powerhouse neighbors: TERRITORIAL DISPUTES A huge source of contention is an uninhabited group of Tokyo-controlled, Beijing-claimed East China Sea islands called Senkaku in Japan and Diaoyu
Here is a store’s notice about its special sale. 以下是一家商店的特賣通知。 Kitchen Mate To all our friends, For larger space and better service, we are moving to a new place on Oak Street, just two blocks away from here. Before we close the store on Green Road, we are having a goodbye sale on Tuesday 10:00-17:00, Oct. 18. All our kitchen tools are up to 70% off! We hope to see you on the last day of old Kitchen Mate. And let’s meet at our new home next month! 必備單字 1. space n. 空間（國中基本1200字） 2. tool n. 工具（國中基本1200字） 實用字詞 1. service 服務 3. goodbye sale 結束營業拍賣會 4. up