A two-year-old girl in northern China has tested positive for bird flu and is in critical condition — the second case of human infection in a month.
The girl fell ill on Jan. 7 in Hunan Province and was taken to a hospital by her grandparents four days later after she returned home to Shanxi Province, the Health Ministry said in a notice on its Web site late on Saturday.
Tests confirmed she was infected with the H5N1 bird flu virus, it said. It did not say how the girl, surnamed Peng, was infected or what she was doing in Hunan.
“The patient is in critical condition, and the health department of Shanxi Province is sparing no efforts” to save the girl, the notice said.
All the people who had close contact with the girl were under medical observation, the ministry said, and no one else has been found ill.
The case comes at a worrisome time for authorities as tens of millions of people are on the move between cities and rural hometowns for the Lunar New Year, which begins on Jan. 26. The Agricultural Ministry said it would step up checks before the holiday.
China, which raises more poultry than any other country, has vowed to aggressively fight the virus.
A WHO spokeswoman in Beijing said it was informed of the case and was staying in close contact with the Chinese Health Ministry.
Earlier this month a 19-year-old woman died from the bird flu virus in a Beijing hospital after contact with ducks in a market in a neighboring province, the first death from bird flu since February last year. The WHO said the case did not appear to signal a new public health threat.
Health officials worry the H5N1 virus could mutate into a form that could spread easily among people.
The latest WHO tally shows that bird flu has killed 248 people worldwide since 2003, including 21 in China. The young girl brings the total number of cases in the country to 32.