Two stone sculptures believed to date back to 1200-1500 B.C. were discovered at the Chavin de Huantar archaeological site in Huaraz, Peru, according to the team led by John Rick, an archaeologist from the US.
These were not the first such heads discovered in the Chavin de Huantar site. In 1920 an archaeologist named Julio C. Tello found a large number of “cabezas clavas” that were buried inside the facade of the temples. Many of them were swept away and lost in a flood that covered the site in 1940.
Rick believes these heads may have fallen from their original location, atop a wall, after a powerful earthquake in the year 500 B.C. The wall may have collapsed in 200 A.D.
Rick points out that it is difficult to explain the real significance of the snakes and figures around the heads, but the very open eyes indicate a trance, apparently induced by drugs, possibly the San Pedro cactus.
The snakes and wrinkles support this hypothesis. “Wrinkles in one of them reveal the pain produced in the process of ingesting the drugs,” the archaeologist explains. “The snakes could reveal the hallucinations.”
1. be swept away v. phr.
毀滅 (hui3 mie4)
例: The town was swept away in the earthquake.
2. trance n.
恍惚；失神 (huang3 hu1; shi1 shen2)
例: When he drums and chants in a certain sequence, some of his listeners are lulled into a trance.
3. ingest v.
吞嚥；攝取 (tun1 yan4; she4 qu3)
例: Three quarters of the caffeine we ingest comes from coffee.