Japanese professor Yoji Kimura has invented a machine to chart out laughter - and a new unit of "aH" to calculate it.
"We have found that children laugh more freely, releasing 10 aH per second, which is about twice as much as an adult," said Kimura, a professor at Kansai University in the western city of Osaka.
"Adults tend to calculate whether it's appropriate to laugh and under those restraints they eventually forget how," he said.
"Laughing is like a restart function on a computer. Laughing freely is very important in the course of human evolution," he said.
Kimura, who believes in "a shift from a century of wars to a century of humor and tolerance," has studied the science of laughter for decades in Osaka, the hub of Japan's stand-up comedy scene.
In his theory, human laughter is produced in four successive emotional stages - letting loose, then deviating from the norm, followed by freely laughing and then having the laughter overflow.
"I believe there is a circuit in the human brain that creates laughter through these steps to the stage of overflowing," Kimura said confidently. "Understanding this mechanism is the door to resolving one secret of human beings."
To measure laughter, sensors are attached to the stomach, particularly the diaphragm, which detect muscle movements. The machine looks 3,000 times a second at electric elements normally produced in the body. It will be possible to distinguish faked laughter and different types of laughter such as derision and cynicism.
"I have a theory that humor detected in the brain gets directly discharged through the movement of the diaphragm," Kimura said. (AFP)
1. successive adj.
相繼的 (xiang1 ji4 de5)
例: Sarah was known for her successive string of rich fiancees.
2. deviate adj.
異常的 (yi4 chang2 de5)
例: The word deviate is sometimes abbreviated to DV8.
3. derision n.
嘲笑 (chao2 xiao4)
例: "They treat us with nothing but derision!" Henry complained.
4. cynicism n.
譏諷 (ji1 feng4)
例: The ministers' repeated lies led to marked public cynicism.
the hub 中樞
The hub of something refers to the center which other things revolve around. The expression comes from the name for the center of a wheel, the hub, from which the spokes extend and without which the wheel would be useless.
The term hub is also used to describe important transport centers. For example airports are often referred to as hubs. A major shipping city such as Kaohsiung might be described as a shipping hub.
「 the hub 」可以用來比喻為某事物的中樞，周圍事物都以此為中心；「hub」這個字原指車輪中心（車轂），從此處延伸出輪輻，車輪缺少車轂就不能跑了。
「hub」這個字也可用來形容重要的交通樞紐，例如機場就常被稱作「hub」；像高雄這個主要的運輸城市也可稱作「a shipping hub」。
James: I'm going paintballing at the weekend with a big group of friends. Do you want to come along?
Kate: I've never been paintballing. Is it fun?
James: Totally. You get to run around, get splattered with paint, splatter your friends with paint...
Kate: It sounds like a gas. I'd love to come.
James: Great! I'll text you the address.
a gas 一件快樂的事
If something is a gas then it is very amusing or a lot of fun. For example: "I had a gas at Adon's party. There was a great crowd of people, and I made some new friends."
With the recent heavy rainfall and humidity, wild mushrooms have been shooting up in mountain forests and grasslands. In Nantou County’s Puli Township a man picked some unfamiliar fungi growing in the National Chung Hsing University experimental forest area along Nanan Road and took them home to cook. The result was that the whole family of five had to rush to hospital. For the sake of filling their bellies they almost lost their lives. It was truly a case of biting off more than they could chew. You hear many stories of people eating unfamiliar mushrooms and giving themselves food
A: Argh! B: What is it? A: Cockroach! Over there by the bookshelf. It’s huge! B: Oh no, not another one. I’m beginning to think there’s a cockroach nest inside our apartment. Don’t worry, I’ll deal with it. A: 啊！ B: 怎麼了？ A: 有蟑螂！在書櫃那邊。超大隻！ B: 哦不，不要再來了。我開始覺得我們公寓裡有蟑螂窩了。別擔心，我會處理的。 English 英文: Chinese 中文:
The sudden sharp fall in greenhouse gas emissions recorded in the early part of this year may seem like an environmental blessing, a breathing space as the world fights climate breakdown. Skies clear of aircrafts and streets free of cars have encouraged the return of nature and brought visions of a cleaner world. Carbon dioxide emissions had fallen by 17 percent on average by early April, according to a definitive study published in Nature Climate Change on May 19, as a result of the lockdown measures put in place around the world to tackle the coronavirus pandemic. In fact, the unprecedented decline
A: That’s true! For the livestreams by the bands I like, the picture and sound quality was rubbish. B: Also, while livestreaming a gig or concert will create some buzz, I doubt they’ll attract new fans this way. A: Exactly. It seems the pandemic will be a turning point for the performing arts industry. Gigs and concerts will probably never be the same again. A: 是啊！畢竟，我的愛團舉辦的那場串流演唱會，網路直播的畫質跟音質其實沒那麼好。 B : 而且，我覺得舉辦線上直播演唱會或演奏會，固然可以製造話題，但是能不能吸收新的樂迷又是另一回事。 A : 確實如此。看起來，這場疫情會是表演藝術領域的一個轉捩點。演奏會或演唱會可能不會再跟以前一樣了。 English 英文: Chinese 中文: