Sat, Aug 18, 2007 - Page 14 News List

Globe trotting -- Portugal 世界走透透:葡萄牙

By Michael Kearney  /  STAFF WRITER

Raul Meireles, right, and Nani, left, fight over the ball during a Portuguese league soccer match at Alvalade Stadium, Lisbon, Portugal, Oct. 22, 2006. 去年十月二十二日,在葡萄牙首都里斯本瓦拉德球場上,美尼利斯(右)和拿尼(左)正在一場葡萄牙足球聯賽中搶球。

PHOTO: AP

Explorers helped Portugal establish colonies in Brazil and parts of Africa and Asia during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, leaving a lasting impact on Portugal and the rest of the world.

十五、十六世紀時,航海探險家幫助了葡萄牙在巴西和非洲、亞洲一帶建立殖民地,對葡萄牙和世界其他國家產生了深遠的影響。

A closer look 說古論今

For almost half of the twentieth century, dictators who were determined to keep control over the country's colonies ruled Portugal.

Chief among the dictators was Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, who ruled over Portugal from 1932 to 1968. Salazar led Portugal into the costly Portuguese Colonial War, a series of battles fought between the Portuguese military and independence movements in Portugal's African colonies.

Fed up with the war and the leadership of the dictators, a group of leftist military members overthrew the dictatorship in a bloodless coup on April 25, 1974. The day is now celebrated as a national holiday and is known as the Revolution of the Carnations.

Portugal gave up control of all its African colonies within two years of the coup and over the next decade developed into a stable democracy.

Today Portugal is among the world leaders in renewable energy. Prime Minister Jose Socrates says he wants 45% of Portugal's energy to come from renewable sources by 2010, and Portugal recently opened what officials claim is the most powerful solar power plant in the world.

Religion plays a major, although decreasing, role in Portuguese society. About 85% of Portuguese are Roman Catholic, but only about a third regularly go to church. One possible reason for such a low attendance rate could be Sunday football matches. Few priests, however, would consider football to be a legitimate excuse for not attending mass.

(Michael Kearney, Staff Writer)

二十世紀近半世紀,葡萄牙都是由一心想要控制國家殖民地的獨裁者所統治。

安東尼奧˙德奧利維拉˙薩拉查是葡萄牙的獨裁者,從一九三二年到一九六八年間統治了葡萄牙。薩拉查使葡萄牙捲入了代價慘重的殖民戰爭,展開葡萄牙軍隊和殖民地獨立運動之間一連串的戰役。

一群左翼軍隊份子受夠了戰爭和獨裁者的領導,在一九七四年,四月二十五日發起了不流血軍事政變,推翻了獨裁政權。如今這一天成為葡萄牙國慶假日,也是眾所皆知的康乃馨革命。

政變後兩年內,葡萄牙放棄了所有非洲殖民地的統治,並於十年之後,發展成一個安定的民主國家。

現今葡萄牙扮演了世界再生能源的領導角色之一,葡萄牙總理荷西˙蘇格拉底表示,可望西元兩千一零年前,葡國全國能源消費比例有百分之四十五是來自再生能源。此外,葡國最近也啟動了聲稱世界上規模最大的太陽能發電廠。

雖然宗教信仰情況在葡萄牙社會有逐漸下降的趨勢,但是它還是扮演了葡萄牙社會主要的角色。全國有大約百分之八十五的人口是天主教徒,不過其中只有三分之一的人會定期地去作禮拜。如此低的出席率,其中一個可能的原因是每逢星期日的足球比賽。然而,罕有神父會認為看足球比賽是可以不參加彌撒的正當理由。(翻譯:楊鴻泰)

WHO KNEW? 你知道嗎?

Oporto, a city in northern Portugal, is most famous for its port wine. For almost 500 hundred years, port has been produced in Oporto by combining red wine and brandy, and about 70 years ago, white port was invented. Almost all of the world's most famous ports are made in this area of Portugal.

The wine is produced in Oporto, but the vineyards are on the banks of the River Douro, about 100 miles inland. The grapes are still usually crushed by foot to enhance the wine's flavor. Demand for port has increased in recent years, in part because of the increasing popularity of Australian wines. The Australian wines tend to be very robust in flavor, which helps accustom people to the bold tastes they can expect when sipping on a glass of port.

波圖是葡萄牙北部一個港口城市,其出產的波酒最為有名。波酒有將近五萬年的歷史,由紅酒和白蘭地混合所釀造而成,而白色波特大約是在七十年前發明。世界上幾乎所有最有名的波酒都是在這個地區所製造。

雖然葡萄酒在波圖製造,但是葡萄園位於內陸大約一百英哩的杜若河河岸處。在製造葡萄酒過程中,葡萄仍然常常需要用腳去踩踏,來加強酒的香味。近年來,波酒的需求量漸增,部分原因是由於澳洲葡萄酒日漸普及。由於澳洲葡萄酒味道非常醇厚,幫助人們在品嚐波酒時,比較容易習慣它的強烈氣味。 

ABOUT MONGOLIA 國家概況

Size: 92,391km2, or about 2.6 times the size of Taiwan

Location: Southwestern Europe

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