The fourth most populous country in the world, home of beautiful islands such as Bali, and a model for ethnic and religious diversity. Come take a closer look at Indonesia, where the motto is "unity in diversity."
A closer look 說古論今
Indonesia is the world's largest archipelagic state, with 17,508 islands, of which nearly 6,000 are inhabited. Most people live on the five largest islands in the archipelago. The islands are mountainous and Indonesia has numerous volcanoes. Frequent earthquakes strike Indonesia, but the volcanic ash helps make the soil rich for crops.
People arrived in the area at least half a million years ago. They perfected rice planting, which allowed villages and even small kingdoms to develop.
By the first century, Indonesia was a trading post between India and China. This trade brought both Buddhism and Hinduism. Powerful naval kingdoms with large fleets of ships spread throughout the islands.
Muslim traders brought Islam to Indonesia in the 1200s. It spread quickly and peacefully along trade routes and was the main religion by the 1500s.
The Portuguese arrived in 1512, and shortly thereafter the Dutch were the main European presence. This situation did not change until the Japanese occupation during World War II. Immediately after the Japanese left, the Indonesians declared independence.
Since then, Indonesia has had to deal both with political instability and authoritarian leadership, but major progress has been made and Indonesia now holds direct elections.
China, India, Arabs, Europe and Malaysia have heavily influenced Indonesian culture. Food differs significantly across regions, though rice is the staple dish in most places. Spices and coconut milk are important ingredients, and chicken and fish are commonly eaten.(Jason Cox, staff writer)
Size: 1,904,5689 km2, about 53 times larger than Taiwan
Location: Southeast Asia
Border countries: East Timor, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea
Population: about 222,781,000
Government: Presidential Republic
Currency: NT$1 = 276 Indonesian Rupiahs
They may have had a reputation for trade, braids and fearsome raids, but the Vikings were far from a single group of flaxen-haired, sea-faring Scandinavians. A genetic study of Viking-age human remains has not only confirmed that Vikings from different parts of Scandinavia set sail for different parts of the world, but has revealed that dark hair was more common among Vikings than Danes today. What’s more, while some were born Vikings, others adopted the culture — or perhaps had it thrust upon them. “Vikings were not restricted to blond Scandinavians,” said Eske Willerslev, a co-author of the research from
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A: Here’s the meat section. How about some ribeye steak? B: Is ribeye your favorite cut? A: Yep. It has the perfect ratio of marbled fat to lean meat and a delicious flavor. B: You’re such a foodie! Australian or American? A: Australian: their cows are grass-fed, instead of grain-fed, which gives the meat a nicer flavor. B: OK, I’m sold. Let’s also go local with some wild boar sausages and pig’s blood cake. A: 這裡是肉品區，要不要買一些肋眼牛排？ B: 肋眼是你最喜歡的部位嗎？ A: 沒錯，肋眼大理石般的油花跟瘦肉比例完美，還有可口的風味。 B: 你真是個吃貨！要選澳洲牛還是美國牛？ A: 澳洲牛︰因為澳洲主要是草飼牛，而不是穀飼的，這讓肉的風味更好。 B: 好哦，我被你說服了。我們也買點本地產品吧，像是山豬肉香腸跟豬血糕。 (Edward Jones, Taipei Times / 台北時報章厚明譯) English 英文: Chinese 中文:
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