Fri, Nov 29, 2019 - Page 14 News List

The hair salon changing how transgenders are seen in Pakistan

By Ashraf Khan  /  AFP, KARACHI

In this picture taken on October 15, 2019, Transgender beautician Bebo Haider, standing, attends to a customer last month in her beauty parlour in Karachi.

Photo: AFP

Bebo Haider’s beauty parlour is bright, small, and decorated sparsely with three large photographs: transgender models who became her clients because the Karachi salon is one of the few in Pakistan which caters to them without judgement.

Tarawah, in a middle-class neighbourhood of the sprawling southern port city, is owned and run by Haider, herself a transgender person who came to Karachi in 2003 from a small rural town in southern Sindh province with dreams of becoming a beautician.

It was not easy. Even when the owner of one salon in a posh Karachi neighborhood finally decided to take a chance on her, the clients refused her services — or to return her greetings, she said. It took two years before one salon regular finally returned her hello, she said — but the thaw, for that customer at least, was complete.

“After that day she would not get her hair and make up done by anybody else at the parlour,” Haider said jubilantly, sitting in her hairdressing chair. “Good manners win the world.”

Transgenders — also known in Pakistan as khawajasiras, an umbrella term denoting a third sex that includes transvestites and eunuchs — have long fought for their rights in the deeply patriarchal and conservative country.

Organized and politically active, in many respects they have made impressive gains.

In 2009 Pakistan became one of the first countries in the world to legally recognise a third sex. Last year, Pakistan’s parliament passed a historic bill providing transgender people with the right to determine their own gender identity in all official documents, including choosing a blend of both genders.

A Pakistani TV channel put the country’s first transgender news anchor on air in 2018, while several have also run in elections. But — despite these gains — many still live daily as pariahs, often reduced to begging and prostitution, subjected to extortion and discrimination or targeted for violence. Haider fought hard to avoid that fate. Once she gained a foothold with her first job, she began to grow politically active, joining transgender rights organizations and eventually becoming the president of Sabrang, one community group.

When a Dutch organization said it wanted to finance a project to empower the transgender community, she and a partner jumped on the chance to open their own salon — which, they say, is the first transgender owned and run beauty salon in Pakistan.

“I never looked back,” Haider said.

SYMBOL OF EMPOWERMENT

Transgenders are often judged, harassed or even denied entry at other salons, she and her customers said.

“When we would sit along the ladies at the parlour, they would feel nervous, confused and even feel repulsive of us. [But] we are also human beings,” said Mahi Doll, a 21-year client of Tarawah.

Haider’s salon, Doll says, is more than just a safe space for her customers to get their hair and make-up done.

“This is a symbol of transgender empowerment,” she said. The salon is inside a crowded market, surrounded by grocery and milk shops. When Haider first opened it, she said, neighbors were so hostile that she felt afraid. “I would wear tough looks when I came to the shop so that people would not dare to mess with me,” she said.

She warned her clients to dress conservatively, and deployed the strategy which had worked so well before: good manners.

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