Chinese rights advocate Chen Guangcheng (陳光誠) says the Chinese government has quietly promised him it will investigate abuses he and his family suffered at the hands of local authorities, in a rare instance of Beijing bowing to the demands of an activist.
Beijing’s apparent willingness to look into Chen’s complaints is another sign that his gambit late last month — when the blind activist fled house arrest in his hometown for the US embassy and set off a diplomatic tussle — has succeeded in getting high officials to address his concerns.
Chen said an official from a central government bureau that handles citizens complaints has visited him in his Beijing hospital four times, including to take a statement on Thursday.
“After he took my statement, he said they would launch an investigation as long as there are facts, and that if there are facts about the illegal actions, then the issue definitely would be openly addressed,” Chen said in an interview.
Chen said it remained to be seen how seriously Beijing would probe abuses by township and county officials, which date back to 2005 after Chen angered local authorities by documenting forced late-term abortions and sterilizations in his rural community.
“Will the investigation be thorough? That’s hard to say, so we’ll have to keep monitoring,” Chen said.
The State Bureau of Letters and Calls, as the complaints office is known, did not respond. A man who answered the telephone at the duty office of the bureau refused to provide a contact number for officials who handle media requests.
However, even a preliminary investigation shows the extraordinary amount of attention Chen’s case is getting. An estimated hundreds of thousands of ordinary Chinese present petitions every year and only a fraction bring action.
Chen served four years in prison on what supporters said were fabricated charges and was then kept under house arrest with his wife, daughter and mother. Chen has described how besides assaulting him, officials would also beat up his wife and mother, at one point chasing his wife on the road, pulling her from a vehicle and then hitting her. His daughter was also subject to searches and harassment.
The mistreatment has often seemed extreme and personal, exposing the impunity local officials believe they have and Beijing’s unwillingness or inability to do anything about it.
For all its power, the authoritarian government relies on local officials to enforce policies, so Beijing must be careful not to alienate them. However, with Chen’s case now an international issue, Beijing is either feeling compelled to act or it is seizing the opportunity to get rid of local officials it dislikes.
Unless a case becomes “a big issue or crisis for them, even though they may or may not like what the local authorities are doing, they don’t have a lot of reason to try to intervene,” said Dali Yang (楊大利), a political scientist and faculty director at the University of Chicago Center in Beijing. “They don’t want to be seen as undermining local authorities because the local authorities, in doing something sometimes excessively, is also doing the bidding of the central government in maintaining stability.”
In a sign that the government does not want Chen’s case to set a precedent or encourage others, Beijing has not publicized its meetings with the activist and coverage by the domestic media, nearly all of which is state-owned, has been limited to dispatches by Xinhua news agency and editorials criticizing the US.