Have you ever wondered if plants lose water from their leaves? This week we're going to do an experiment to find out.
What you will need:
Various kinds of leafy plants
PHOTO: MICHAEL KEARNEY, TAIPEI TIMES
Small plastic bags or ziplock bags
▲ Before you start, note that this works best on plants exposed to the sun.
▲ Put a plastic bag around one leaf on each plant. Close the bag in such a way that water won't be able to easily escape. Be careful not to crush the stem of the leaf.
▲ Close another bag and leave it to one side. This is your control.
▲ Periodically take a look at the bags. Note how much moisture appears in each of the bags.
▲ After a couple hours, take the bags off the plants and record your observations.
(MICHAEL KEARNEY, STAFF WRITER)
Plants take up water through their roots. The water travels up the plants' stems and exits through the leaves. This cycle helps to keep water continuously traveling through plants. The water loss also helps to cool the plants down.
Water exits plants through their stomata. Stomata are located on the undersides of plant leaves. Transpiration is the loss of water from plants through their stomata. Water exits the stomata by evaporation.
Oxygen and carbon dioxide also pass through the stomata. The stomata include two guard cells that open and close depending on whether the plants need to hold on to or lose water.
1. expose v.t.
暴露 (pu4 lu4)
2. control n.
對照組 (dui4 zhao4 zu3)
3. periodically adv.
定期地 (ding4 qi2 de5)
4. moisture n.
濕氣 (shi1 qi4)
5. broad adj.
寬闊的 (kuan1 kuo4 de5)
6. stomata n.
氣孔 (qi4 kong3)
7. transpiration n.
散發 (san4 fa1)
8. evaporation n.
蒸發 (zheng1 fa1)
9. guard cell n.
保衛細胞 (bao3 wei4 xi4 bao1)
10. waxy adj.
蠟的 (la4 de5)
Look up some information about plants on the Internet or in a biology book. Where do plants take water in? How does water travel to different parts of plants? Where do plants lose water? Why do plants in the desert usually have small leaves (or no leaves at all)? Where do plants tend to have broad leaves?
The 58th Golden Horse Awards will take place at the National Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall on Saturday. “Drifting” is currently leading the nominees with 12 nods, closely followed by “The Soul,” “The Falls” and “Till We Meet Again” with 11 nods each. All the four movies, along with “American Girl,” are nominated for the prestigious Best Feature Film. The Golden Horses are also known as the Oscars of the Chinese world. This year, nominees for Best Leading Actor include Cheng Jen-shuo, Chang Chen, Roy Chiu, Francis Ng and Kai Ko; nominees for Best Leading Actress include Chen Shiang-chyi, Alyssa Chia, Gingle
A: One memorable moment for me was when we got lost and chanced upon that old fishing harbor. B: That was strange, wasn’t it? One minute we were riding along busy main roads, and then we took a wrong turning and ended up in a tranquil harbor, with not a single soul in sight. A: It was like a place that time forgot. I wish we could have just stayed there. A: 對我來說很難忘的是，那個我們迷路以後無意間走到的老漁港。 B: 真是不可思議，對吧？上一分鐘我們還騎在交通繁忙的主要道路上，然後我們轉錯彎，就到了一個靜悄悄的海港，半個人都沒有。 A: 就像是到了一個被時間遺忘的地方。真希望我們能就這樣待在那裡。 (Paul Cooper, Taipei Times ／台北時報林俐凱譯) Audio recordings for Speak Up! dialogues will be suspended until further notice due to the pandemic.
That was tough going (4/5) 這段路還蠻難騎的（四） B: I can see why you liked resting in the quiet fishing harbor, but I much preferred the bustling port we biked through on the third day. A: I wasn’t so keen on that. B: I know you weren’t. You were paying so much attention to the boats, you rode straight into the railings and fell headfirst into the water. A: It wasn’t funny. I could have really hurt myself. B: 我可以理解你為什麼喜歡待在那個安靜的漁港，可是我比較喜歡第三天行程我們騎車經過的那個熱鬧的港口。 A: 我不太喜歡那裡。 B: 我知道你不喜歡。你一直在看船，結果撞到欄杆，倒栽蔥跌到水裡。 A: 這一點都不好笑。我可能會受重傷欸。 (Paul Cooper, Taipei Times ／台北時報林俐凱譯) Audio recordings for Speak Up! dialogues will be suspended until further notice due to the pandemic.
B: You know, you’re right. It was all about the journey. It’s been a great trip. A: We’ve seen all kinds of scenery, from craggy coastlines to tranquil fishing ports to wonderful vistas in the mountains. B: So now we can just sit back and enjoy this beautiful scenery as the sun goes down. A: We can’t stay too long. This might be the symbolic end to the trip, but we still have to ride down from the mountain, and the light is fading fast. B: 你知道嗎，你說的沒錯，重要的是過程。這趟旅程真的很棒。 A: 我們看遍了各種景色，從崎嶇陡峭的海岸，到安靜的漁港，還有山間的美麗景色。 B: 那我們現在就可以好好坐下來，享受夕陽美景。 A: 我們不能待太久啦。這雖然是象徵性的終點，可是我們還得要騎下山，天色很快就要暗了。 (Paul Cooper, Taipei Times ／台北時報林俐凱譯) Audio recordings