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Mon, Sep 25, 2006 - Page 10 News List

Setbacks prompt BP to start long-term global review


Following the latest in a series of major setbacks in the US the oil giant BP said last week it planned to embark on a major review of its global operations.

The group's US woes continued last week with the announcement of a fourth delay to its new Thunder Horse platform in the Gulf of Mexico, which is not now likely to begin operating until mid-2008.

The group said all underwater welding on the platform's structure needed to be checked.

Industry analyst Simon Wardell of Global Insight called the news "quite a big setback, a bit of a blow" that risked damaging even further BP's image in the US.

This week also saw proceedings open in a lawsuit against the oil giant for an explosion at the Texas City oil refinery last year, which left 15 people dead and 170 injured.

The group has already recognized that internal errors were behind the blast and boss John Browne has publicly apologized for the explosion.

On top of that, the company was obliged to admit last week that it was responsible for a leak that saw the equivalent of 1,000 barrels of oil cause a major slick in the port of Long Beach, California.

That slick however, was minor compared to the massive spill the company caused in Alaska earlier this year. Rusty oil pipes were to blame for that disaster, which forced the partial shut down of the Prudhoe Bay Oil field, the largest in North America.

The company is also facing three separate investigations for allegedly manipulating the prices of butane, propane and petrol between 2002 and 2004.

Last week BP announced its first piece of good news in a long time when it unveiled a planned US$3 billion investment in its Whiting refinery in Indiana, which will allow it to supply a million more US drivers with gasoline.

But above all it began a major review of its activities, which is set to last for five to 10 years and will, BP hopes, lead to a better integration of its global activities.

Analysts say the plan is similar to an overhaul announced by BP's competitor Exxon after the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill.

That review saw Exxon go on to forge a reputation as the world's safest oil firm.

BP's problems in the US are in large part linked to its extremely rapid growth.

In less than six years, the firm has grown from a large British company to a global giant, following the acquisitions in 2000 and 2001 of US oil firms Arco, Castrol and Amoco.

Wardell argued this means BP has found itself with "a lot of units in isolation" within the company as a whole.

BP has publicly admitted on a number of occasions that it has made errors, notably with Browne's apologies for both the Texas City explosion and the Alaska spill.

But Wardell said it is good that BP is now showing that it intends to put its house in order.

"They are trying to take action now very swiftly to try to assure everyone that they're taking things seriously," he said.

"It's not just a problem with investors, or share price, it can have some impact on reputation," he added.

After the Alaska spill BP even managed to win the support of prominent US ecologist Sybil Ackerman, who represents an association of environmentally-minded voters in the state of Oregon.

As BP has become a world leader in the field of renewable energy, Ackerman recently told Britain's Financial Times that the company was "deserving of censure, but not a vendetta."

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