Thousands yesterday rallied across Indonesia in fresh demonstrations sparked by a raft of divisive legal reforms, including banning pre-marital sex and weakening the anti-graft agency.
At least two students have died and hundreds more were injured as unrest swept across the Southeast Asian archipelago, just weeks before Indonesian President Joko Widodo starts a second term as head of the world’s third-biggest democracy.
In the capital, Jakarta, about 26,000 police and soldiers were deployed while large crowds — including placard-carrying students and factory workers — chanted for change near parliament, which was barricaded with barbed wire.
The demonstrations have been fueled by a proposed bill that includes dozens of legal changes — from criminalizing pre-marital sex and restricting contraceptive sales, to making it illegal to insult the president and toughening the Muslim-majority country’s blasphemy law.
The protests are among the biggest student rallies since mass street demonstrations in 1998 toppled the Suharto dictatorship.
Passage of the reforms has now been delayed, while Widodo has said he would consider revising a separate bill that critics fear would dilute the powers of the corruption-fighting agency, known as the KPK.
“Why is this law being revised?” said Lukmanul Hakim Ahbr, a 24-year-old Indonesian who said he returned from his studies in Malaysia to join the protests.
“We students ... reject any revision that will weaken the KPK,” he added.
Some held banners that read: “Cancel regulations that threaten people’s rights and the environment.”
Protesters have also demanded troops be pulled from Indonesia’s restive Papua region, where fresh violence killed more than 30 people this month.
They are also demanding a probe on the deaths of two university students on Sulawesi Island last week, including one who was shot during the anti-government protests. The police have denied responsibility.
Scuffles yesterday broke out between authorities and about 2,000 university students on Lombok, an island next to Bali where hundreds also rallied.
More than 1,000 demonstrators gathered in the city of Bandung on Java island.
Ahead of the inauguration of MPs today, Indonesian Coordinating Minister for Political, Legal, and Security Affairs Wiranto warned that any bloodshed would not be tolerated.
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