Sun, May 12, 2019 - Page 5 News List

More than 10 million displaced internally by conflict

‘MIND-BOGGLING’:The number of internally displaced people surpassed that of refugees, with conflict and natural disasters forcing 28 million from their homes

AFP, GENEVA, Switzerland

An internally displaced woman and her granddaughter wait to receive rations provided by Mona Relief Yemen ahead of the holy month of Ramadan at a camp for internally displaced people on the outskirts of Sana’a on Sunday last week.

Photo: EPA-EFE

Conflict last year forced more than 10 million people to flee their homes to live elsewhere within their own country, bringing the total number of people internally displaced by violence to a record high, monitors said on Friday.

The new figure brought the total number of people living in internal displacement due to violence to 41.3 million, an all-time high, according to a report by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre and the Norwegian Refugee Council.

“It is really a mind-boggling figure,” council chief Jan Egeland told reporters in Geneva, Switzerland.

“It takes extreme violence and fear of disasters to force a family out of their home, their land, their property, their community,” he said.

Including those uprooted from their homes by natural disasters as well as conflict, a total of 28 million people were displaced internally last year, the report said.

A full 10.8 million of new internally displaced people (IDPs) last year were fleeing conflict, with strife in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Syria, as well as intercommunal tensions in Ethiopia, Cameroon and Nigeria responsible for most of the displacements, the study said.

The number of people living as IDPs is far higher than the about 25 million who have fled across borders as refugees.

Surprisingly perhaps, the report found that the highest number of new internal displacements last year was in Ethiopia, with 2.9 million people fleeing their homes inside the East African country, where communal clashes, typically sparked by land disputes, are common.

Strife-torn DRC came in second, with 1.8 million fresh IDPs last year, followed by Syria with 1.6 million new internal displacements.

However, in total, Syria, ravaged by eight years of war, counts 6.1 million IDPs, in addition to about the same number of Syrians still living as refugees.

On top of those forced from their homes by violence, 17.2 million people were internally displaced by natural disasters last year, the report found.

Tropical cyclones and monsoon floods forced nearly 10 million to flee inside the Philippines, China and India, it said.

Center chief Alexandra Bilak told reporters that most of those displacements were linked to government-orchestrated evacuations ahead of natural disasters.

“This of course saves lives, but demonstrates that there are still too many people in those countries who are exposed to extreme events,” she said.

Hundreds of thousands of people were also forced from their homes in California last year by the most destructive wildfires in the state’s history.

About 22,000 people remain displaced by those fires, Bilak said.

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