Tue, Dec 04, 2018 - Page 6 News List

Measles threat looms in Philippines, experts warn

Reuters, MANILA

Health experts yesterday warned against a possible outbreak of measles in the Philippines, as a disease long under control is fuelled by patchy immunization programs and declining trust in vaccines.

Measles cases jumped nearly fivefold to 17,300 in the 11 months to this month versus last year’s figure, mostly in conflict areas in the south, doctors and WHO officials said.

“We have almost eradicated measles, but we are now seeing a rise in cases, because the trust in vaccines is declining this year,” Philippine Foundation for Vaccination director Lulu Bravo told a meeting on media reporting on vaccines.

“This is disturbing,” she said, tracing the drop in confidence to political factors, among other reasons, but did not elaborate. “Filipinos are becoming scientifically illiterate.”

No deaths from measles were reported in 2014, she said.

Four children died from measles this year on Mindanao.

Just 7 percent of eligible children in conflict areas in the Philippines were immunized against measles this year, the WHO said.

Last year’s five-month battle to liberate the southern city of Marawi from Islamic State group-inspired rebels fed the surge, WHO experts said, adding that overcrowding in temporary shelter areas and migration worsened the problem, while vaccine penetration was low.

The conflict reduced the heart of the city of 200,000 to rubble, killing 1,109 people, mostly militants, and displacing 350,000.

Anna Lisa Ong-Lim, head of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society of the Philippines, said 69 percent of children with measles this year proved to have had no immunization, for reasons such as their parents’ refusal.

She said the politics behind the controversial anti-dengue vaccine, Dengvaxia, was partly to be blamed for the low trust in the government’s mass immunization program, with health workers sometimes labeled “killers” in some areas.

“Definitely, it has affected the confidence on vaccines,” WHO official Achyut Shrestha said.

Last month, an opinion poll by the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine showed just 32 percent of 1,500 Filipinos surveyed trusted vaccines, down from 93 percent in 2015.

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