Thu, Oct 12, 2017 - Page 7 News List

Cocaine paste used to pay for staple items in Colombia

AFP, LA PAZ, Colombia

Customers in Lorena’s shop place innocuous white pebbles on an electronic scale. In exchange they take away staples like cooking oil and eggs — in the depths of the Colombian jungle, you pay with cocaine base paste.

“Everything is bought and sold this way. Cash is very rare and kept for emergencies,” said the 26-year-old woman, adding that in her lifetime, more white powder had passed through her hands than cash.

It is the same whether locals are paying for beer or the company of a prostitute: Cocaine — or in this case its raw material, coca paste — is king.

Lorena has lived in the tiny jungle village of La Paz for seven years, a hamlet of 300 people whose reddish earth streets turn to mud in the rain.

It lies on the banks of the Inirida River in the remote southeastern department of Guaviare, Colombia’s most underdeveloped region.

The lush greenery of the landscape lends itself to the production of the coca leaf, the basic ingredient of cocaine, of which Colombia, despite the efforts of the Colombian government and the US, is the world’s largest producer.

There is no electricity here, no potable water, no doctor and no police.

Authority is exercised by dissident Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia members (FARC) who have rejected a historic peace deal to remain in the jungle.

“This is another Colombia. There is no healthcare, nothing. And there are seven-year-old children here who have never seen money,” local community leader Orland Castilla said.

The only links to the outside world for La Paz’s 300 residents are the river, one dirt road and two telephone lines. A loudspeaker announces incoming telephone calls.

Everyone here owes their existence to the cultivation and processing of the coca leaf.

Contrary to the end product, flown the classic route from grass airstrips in Colombia to Mexico and on to the US, producing coca paste is far from lucrative.

The price of 1g of cocaine in the US is about US$150, but for the producers here, the gram of coca paste never exceeds 2,000 Colombian pesos (US$0.68).

The state guarantees aid to those campesinos or farmers who will substitute coca for legal crops. Those who refuse have to sometimes face the consequences of police raids, leading to occasional clashes.

A police officer was held for three days by campesinos after clashes on July 20 on the banks of the Inirida.

Under pressure from the US, the main market for Colombia’s cocaine, Bogota, plans to reclaim 100,000 hectares from coca cultivation this year, by force if necessary.

A hoped-for dividend on the peace deal with FARC signed in December last year is that the former guerrilla movement will encourage a move to legal crops.

From first light on the farm of Miguel “Mangos,” laborers empty bags of freshly picked coca leaves in a makeshift jungle laboratory.

Miguel, 56, runs a garden trimmer through the leaves and then sprinkles a mixture of water and lime over them. It is the beginning of a lengthy chemical process involving cement, fertilizer, gasoline and acids to extract cocaine.

The coca paste that emerges from the first rudimentary process in La Paz has a cocaine content of about 35 percent.

For every US$1,000 he invests, he makes US$1,200. It allows him to survive, he said.

“I have planted bananas, maize, cassava, but it is not profitable,” Miguel said.

To bring bananas to the market requires transport and he ends up trading at a loss because of the costs involved, he said.

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