Voting began yesterday in Saudi Arabia’s first elections open to female voters and candidates, a tentative step towards easing restrictions that are among the world’s tightest on women.
Male voters began to enter a polling center in central Riyadh at about 8am, an AFP reporter at the scene said.
Men and women vote separately in the kingdom, where the sexes are strictly segregated.
Fewer than 10 men had arrived to cast early ballots at the center visited by AFP.
After checking their names on sheets of paper hanging on the wall and verifying their eligibility with elections staff, each voter made his choice on a ballot paper which he dropped into a transparent box.
The absolute monarchy, where women are banned from driving and must cover themselves from in public, is the last country where only men were allowed to vote.
More than 900 female candidates are running for seats on municipal councils, the kingdom’s sole elected public chambers.
They are up against nearly 6,000 men competing for places on 284 councils whose powers are restricted to local affairs including responsibility for streets, public gardens and rubbish collection.
Gender segregation enforced at public facilities meant that female candidates could not directly meet the majority of voters — men — during their campaigns.
Women also said voter registration was hindered by bureaucratic obstacles, a lack of awareness of the process and its significance, and the fact that women could not drive themselves to sign up.
As a result, less than one in 10 voters are women and few, if any, female candidates are expected to win.
However, one-third of council seats are appointed by the municipal affairs ministry, leaving women optimistic that they would at least be assigned some of them.
However, win or lose, the female contenders said they are already victorious.
“To tell you the truth, I’m not running to win,” said 60-year-old Amal Badreldin al-Sawari, who is a pediatrician in central Riyadh. “I think I have done the winning by running.”
She said she became a candidate out of patriotism and because Islam gives women rights.
“Men and women have equal rights in many things,” she said, reciting a relevant verse from the Koran and adding that everyone she encountered was supportive of her campaign.
Aljazi al-Hossaini waged her 12-day campaign largely over the Internet, putting her manifesto on her Web site where both men and women could see it.
“I did my best and I did everything by myself,” said the 57-year-old management consultant, who is running in the Diriyah area on the edge of Riyadh. “I’m proud of myself that I can do it.”
However, not all women trying to break the mold in the conservative kingdom had such a positive experience.
As campaigning began last month, three activists said they had been disqualified from running.
They included Loujain Hathloul, who spent more than two months in jail after trying to drive into the kingdom from the United Arab Emirates late last year, in a case that attracted worldwide attention.
An appeals committee reversed her disqualification just two days before the end of campaigning, Hathloul said on Twitter.
“That is not fair,” she said.
Nassima al-Sadah, a human-rights activist in the Gulf coast city of Qatif, said she had begun legal action over her own disqualification.
And a resident of northeastern Saudi Arabia, who asked not to be named, said the female candidate she wanted to vote for withdrew after local Islamic scholars objected.
Voters said tribal loyalties in the male-dominated society are a big factor in the ballot.
According to election commission data, nearly 1.5 million people aged 18 and over are registered to vote.
This includes about 119,000 women, out of a total native Saudi population of about 21 million.
Oil-rich Saudi Arabia boasts modern infrastructure of highways, skyscrapers and ever-more shopping malls.
However, women still face many restrictions and must get permission from male family members to travel, work or marry.
Ruled by the Al Saud family of King Salman, Saudi Arabia has no elected legislature and faces intense Western scrutiny of its rights record.
A slow expansion of women’s rights began under Salman’s predecessor Abdullah who announced four years ago that women would join the elections this year.
The kingdom’s first municipal ballot was in 2005, for men only.
Polls closed at 5pm yesterday, with counting today
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