Thousands of Nepalese still living in tents months after a massive earthquake are facing a desperate winter, because of a fuel crisis and bickering politicians’ failure to spend a US$4.1 billion reconstruction fund.
Eight months after a magnitude 7.8 earthquake killed almost 8,900 people and destroyed about half a million homes, thousands of survivors are bracing for the Himalayan winter without proper clothes, bedding or shelter. In the remote village of Philim, close to the quake’s epicenter in western Nepal, the disaster reduced the school’s dormitory to rubble, forcing about 200 children to take refuge in tents.
The flimsy structures offer little protection against bone-chilling winds that whip through the village where overnight temperatures are about 2°C and are set to fall further.
“It gets so cold at night, I wish we had thicker blankets,” Dawa Phunchok Lama, 12, told reporters.
Many of the children live hours away from Philim but are staying in the tents because they can no longer commute from their homes after quake-triggered landslides blocked hillside trails.
“We have limited food stocks — no vegetables, enough lentils to last a week, cooking oil for 10 days perhaps. But most of all, I worry about the cold and its impact on my kids,” school headmaster Mukti Adhikari said. “It’s too difficult for them to go home, so we keep them here... but now I am worried they will freeze to death since no one has adequate clothing or proper bedding.”
After the April 25 quake, Nepal’s shell-shocked government implored foreign donors to fund recovery efforts and vowed swift reconstruction.
However, its failure to establish the National Reconstruction Authority (NRA) has delayed the start of rebuilding, meaning thousands are still homeless. Aid workers are now scrambling to deliver emergency supplies before snowfall shuts access to villages such as Philim.
“We are closing in on a deadline — we are aware that a day will come soon when we won’t be able to go up those trails,” World Food Programme country director and representative in Nepal Pippa Bradford said.
However, severe fuel shortages have hamstrung their race against time, with hundreds of trucks carrying gasoline and other vital supplies stuck at the border between Nepal and India.
Ethnic minority protesters have blocked a major checkpoint for more than 10 weeks to demand changes to the nation’s new constitution.
Movement of cargo through other checkpoints has also slowed to a crawl, prompting Nepal to accuse India, which has criticized the charter, of enforcing an “unofficial blockade” — a charge New Delhi denies.
“Currently, our fuel supplies amount to less than a quarter of our needs and we are facing a backlog on deliveries,” Bradford told reporters. “It’s a tragedy — our winter supplies are sitting in warehouses, they are going to be of no use if we don’t get them up the mountains in time.”
Damaged households have so far received just US$150 each in compensation, while the government has promised an additional US$2,000 once the reconstruction authority is set up and able to disburse funds.
According to experts, a major reason for the delay is jostling by the Communist Party of Nepal and opposition Nepali Congress to see their preferred candidate head the new body.
“The political parties seem more interested in horse-trading on influential positions than in getting on with rebuilding,” EU Ambassador to Nepal Rensje Teerink told reporters.
Some frustrated donors, such as the Asian Development Bank, have ignored misgivings and pressed on without waiting for the reconstruction agency, which is to be charged with overseeing the rebuilding in a country plagued with corruption. The Asian Development Bank has decided to go ahead with giving US$90 million of its US$600 million pledge to the Nepalese government to rebuild schools, Nepal Resident Mission of the Asian Development Bank director Kenichi Yokoyama said.
“We would have preferred to work with the NRA so it could monitor the process and speed up decision making,” Yokoyama said. “But there is an urgent need to rebuild the country and we simply cannot wait any longer.”
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