Wed, Sep 09, 2015 - Page 6 News List

Pope to make it easier for Catholics to end marriages

AFP, VATICAN CITY

Pope Francis wants to make it easier for Catholics to have their marriages annulled under reforms regarded with suspicion by conservatives wary of the de facto introduction of church-

approved divorce.

Details of significant reforms of a system that critics, including Francis himself, have attacked as needlessly bureaucratic, expensive and unfair were due to be unveiled yesterday with the publication of letters on the issue from the pope to Catholic churches across the world.

FOR LIFE

Vatican experts in canon, or religious, law have spent the past year studying how the system could be streamlined without undermining the principle that marriage is for life.

That is one of the fundamental tenets of the Catholic faith, albeit one at odds with the reality that, across much of the industrialized world, divorce is commonplace even among believers.

Church doctrine does make allowance for unions to be effectively canceled, subject to certain conditions.

Essentially a church tribunal must rule that the marriage was fundamentally flawed from the outset and that ruling must then be upheld by a second tribunal.

Possible justifications for reaching this conclusion include the marriage having never been consummated, one or both partners having entered into it without the intention of staying in the relationship, or one of the partners having no desire to have children.

Alcohol and drug dependency can also be taken into consideration when a tribunal decides whether a marriage can be voided.

In practice, the process of securing an annulment is frequently extremely lengthy. In many parts of the developing world, dioceses simply do not have annulment tribunals.

And where they do exist, many ordinary Catholics cannot afford to employ the expert help needed to guide them through the arcane procedures required to secure the necessary approval.

Francis has repeatedly expressed the wish that the system should be free and made equally accessible for rich and poor believers.

Ideas under discussion include abolishing the need for a second church court to review and uphold an annulment.

The experts have also discussed making it easier for Catholics married to non-believers to obtain annulments on the grounds of their partner’s lack of faith.

COMMUNION

For centuries there has been a perception throughout the Catholic community that annulments are more easily obtained by the wealthy and powerful.

Without an annulment, a Catholic who divorces and remarries is deemed to be living in sin and is unable to take communion.

Critics say this exclusion of the divorced from the Church’s holiest sacrament is cruel and unfair given that murderers can take communion, but a woman who seeks a divorce to escape a violent relationship cannot.

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