A string of farmers have committed suicide in western India after freak hailstorms and rains destroyed winter crops worth millions of dollars, activists and politicians said yesterday.
The unusual weather struck parts of western Maharashtra state, of which Mumbai is the capital, from late last month and went on to badly damage crops.
A source from the Maharashtra chief minister’s office said that seven suicides had been confirmed, with more killed by the storm itself, but the opposition and activists said the real figure was much higher.
“There have been 32 [farmer] suicides so far across Maharashtra after the hailstorms started... We are getting hourly updates from our people,” said Kishor Tiwari, president of farmers’ advocacy group Vidarbha Jan Andolan Samiti.
He said the figure was expected to rise after more post-mortems were carried out.
India’s main opposition group, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), said on Tuesday that the number of farmer suicides had gone up to 37, demanding that the natural disaster be declared a “national calamity,” the Press Trust of India news agency reported.
“Since the hailstorm began on February 28, the entire rabi [winter-sown] crop on 1.6 million hectares of land in 17 districts has been destroyed,” senior BJP leader Gopinath Munde said.
Grape farmers were the worst hit by the storms, but crops of other fruits such as mango, papaya, lime and watermelon were also badly hit, according to local reports.
Among those to commit suicide was debt-ridden Bapu Ramchandra Pawar, 62, who poisoned himself after his pomegranate farm was destroyed, police told the Press Trust.
Ahead of a closely fought general election, the BJP’s prime ministerial candidate, Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi, is due to visit the troubled area today.
He is expected to hold a public rally in Vidarbha, a region notorious for its high level of farmer suicides.
A delegation of ministers from Maharashtra met Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on Friday last week and demanded 50 billion rupees (US$800 million) in relief towards damage caused by the freak weather.