British scientists on Tuesday announced plans to create the complete genome sequence of the famous English King Richard III after his remains were found under a car park in 2012.
Geneticist Turi King is to lead the ￡00,000 project (US$164,000) to produce the first genome sequence from ancient DNA for a named historical figure, the project’s co-funders the Wellcome Trust and the Leverhulme Trust said in a statement.
“It is an extremely rare occurrence that archeologists are involved in the excavation of a known individual, let alone a king of England,” King said.
“Sequencing the genome of Richard III is a hugely important project that will help to teach us not only about him, but foment discussion about how our DNA informs our sense of identity, our past and our future,” she added.
The year-long project, which will attempt to extract DNA from ground-up samples of Richard’s bones, could reveal the controversial leader’s hair and eye color, and whether the scoliosis that deformed his spine was genetic.
Geneticist and co-funder Alec Jeffreys pitched the idea to King over dinner.
“We will never have this chance again, wherever he ends up being buried and whenever it ends up happening,” King said.
“We have this unique opportunity now and it seemed a shame not to do it,” she added.
The skeleton was found during an archeological dig at a municipal car park in Leicester, central England, in August 2012.
DNA from the bones matched that of descendants of the king’s sister, while the skeleton had the twisted spine and battle injuries consistent with contemporary accounts, researchers from the University of Leicester said.
After his death at the Battle of Bosworth, near Leicester, Richard’s body was buried by Franciscan friars, known as Greyfriars, in an unmarked grave. When their monastery was destroyed in the 1530s, all traces of him disappeared.
In Richard III, Shakespeare described a villain who murdered his two young nephews to win the throne.
Enthusiasts say there is no evidence that he killed the young boys and hope the focus will now shift to the social reforms Richard introduced.
A court battle is ongoing to decide whether his remains should eventually be buried in the nearby Leicester Cathedral, or in York, his royal house.