Four decades after the Vietnam War ended, US fast-food giant McDonald’s opened its first restaurant in the communist country yesterday, aiming to lure a rising middle class away from rice and noodles.
The arrival of one of the most potent symbols of US capitalism in southern Ho Chi Minh City — known as Saigon when US troops dramatically withdrew in 1975 — is the result of a partnership with the son-in-law of Vietnam’s powerful Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung.
McDonald’s is following US rivals Burger King, KFC and coffee giant Starbucks into Vietnam — a country many Americans associate more with an unpopular war than a newly wealthy middle class.
However, with its 90 million-strong population and average per capita income of more than US$1,500, “Vietnam is on the radar now” for US franchises, Vietnam Franchises Ltd consulting firm managing director Sean Ngo said.
Critics have said that Vietnam’s rapid economic growth since Doi Moi [economic renovation] reforms opened up the country in the early 1990s masks rising inequality and inefficiencies in an economy still dominated by state-owned enterprises.
However, signs of the country’s rising affluence were on display yesterday as hundreds of people queued at the McDonald’s store on Ho Chi Minh City’s Dien Bien Phu street — named after the battle that forced the French to withdraw from their former colony Vietnam.
“I like fast-food. I don’t like Vietnamese food. I don’t like fish sauce,” Nguyen Hoang Long, 25, said as he ate a Big Mac meal, referring to the pungent condiment made from fermented fish and sea salt that is used liberally in Vietnamese cooking.
A Big Mac costs about US$2.85 at the new outlet, while a bowl of traditional pho noodle soup can be bought on most street corners for around US$1.50. The arrival of McDonald’s marks a full turnaround for the fortunes of US brands in former wartime foe Vietnam.
Iconic brands such as Coca-Cola were available in US-allied South Vietnam until the end of the war, but the companies pulled out after the communist victory which paved the way for the unification of the country in 1975.
McDonald’s local partner, Henry Nguyen, stood outside the store yesterday directing traffic — mostly motorbikes and the odd rickshaw — into the “drive-thru.”
Also known as Nguyen Bao Hoang, he once flipped burgers working for McDonald’s while growing up in the US, where his family fled at the end of the war. He returned to his native country more than a decade ago.