Thu, Dec 26, 2013 - Page 7 News List

Astronauts complete rare Christmas Eve spacewalk

AP, CAPE CANAVERAL, Florida

Space station astronauts repaired a crippled cooling system during a rare Christmas Eve spacewalk on Tuesday, braving a “mini blizzard” of noxious ammonia as they popped in a new pump.

It was the second spacewalk in four days for US astronauts Rick Mastracchio and Michael Hopkins, and only the second Christmas Eve spacewalk ever.

NASA ordered up the spacewalks to revive a critical cooling loop at the International Space Station. All nonessential equipment had to be turned off when the line conked out on Dec. 11, and many science experiments were halted.

With Tuesday’s success, the cooling system should be restored and all equipment back up and running by this weekend, according to NASA.

“It’s the best Christmas ever,” Mission Control radioed as the seven-hour spacewalk came to a close.

“Merry Christmas to everybody,” Hopkins answered. “It took a couple weeks to get her done, but we got it.”

Mastracchio and Hopkins removed the faulty ammonia pump during Saturday’s spacewalk. On Tuesday, they installed the fresh pump.

Standing on the end of the station’s main robotic arm, Hopkins clutched the 353.8kg refrigerator-size pump with both hands as he headed toward its installation spot, and then slid it in. A Japanese astronaut working inside, Koichi Wakata, gingerly steered the arm and its precious load.

“Mike Hopkins taking a special sleigh ride on this Christmas Eve,” Mission Control commentator Rob Navias said as the space station soared over the Pacific Ocean.

It was slow going because of a balky ammonia fluid line that sent frozen flakes of the extremely toxic substance straight at the men — “a mini blizzard,” as Mission Control called it. The spacewalkers reported being surrounded by big chunks of the stuff that bounced off equipment and, in all probability, their suits.

The ammonia needed to dissipate from their suits before the pair returned inside, to avoid further contamination.

“Wow,” Hopkins said after the fourth and final fluid line was hooked to the new pump.

The electrical hookups went more smoothly, and six hours into the spacewalk, Hopkins finally called down: “Houston, you’ve got yourself a new pump module.”

Christmas references filled the radio waves as the action unfolded 418km above the planet.

“It’s like Christmas morning opening up a little present here,” Mastracchio said as he checked his toolkit.

Later, as he worked to remove the spare pump from its storage shelf, he said: “Now it really feels like I’m unwrapping a present.”

Mission Control in Houston was in a festive mood, despite the gravity of the situation. Tabletop Christmas trees, Santa dolls and red Santa caps decorated the desks.

NASA’s only previous Christmas Eve spacewalk occurred in 1999 during a Hubble Space Telescope repair mission.

NASA’s most memorable Christmas Eve was on Dec. 24, 1968. Apollo 8 astronauts read from Genesis, the first book of the bible, as they orbited the moon on mankind’s first lunar flight.

A bad valve in the ammonia pump caused the latest breakdown.

Another team of spacewalking astronauts installed that pump just three years ago, and engineers are perplexed as to why it did not last longer. NASA hopes to salvage it in the years ahead.

The 2010 replacement required three spacewalks because of the difficulty in removing pressurized ammonia fluid lines. This time, the astronauts managed to squeeze everything into two days after NASA reduced the pressure and simplified the task.

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