Philippine survivors of deadly Typhoon Haiyan defiantly prepared to celebrate Christmas in their ruined communities yesterday where hogs were being roasted, festive trees adorned streets and churches were filled to overflowing.
“Nothing can stop us from welcoming Christmas even though we have lost our home,” 63-year-old butcher’s wife Ellen Miano told reporters from a tiny shanty rising from a field of debris in the central city of Tacloban.
Haiyan’s ferocious 315kph winds flattened the gritty Magallanes neighborhood on Tacloban’s coast, then swept up everything else with giant waves in a day of terror on Nov. 8.
Tacloban and nearby districts accounted for more than 5,000 of the 6,000-plus confirmed deaths, with nearly 2,000 others missing, making it the country’s deadliest storm and one of its worst natural disasters.
The storm made 4.4 million homeless and caused US$12.9 billion in damage, according to the government, which estimates it will take the affected central region, an area the size of Portugal, four years to recover.
Miano, who lives with her husband and four young nephews and nieces in their home put together from salvaged wood and sheet metal, said the family would eat a traditional Christmas dinner at midnight, with fried noodles and sliced bread given to them by a relief agency.
Their 20-year-old neighbor Ronfrey Magdua built a giant, 4m tall star-shaped lantern using salvaged wood and wrapped in the Philippine flag’s motif of red, white and blue, and put it up in the yard of a family that perished in the disaster.
“I made this in honor of the dead,” the jobless young man said, adding that he spent about 2,000 pesos of his own savings on the project.
Water and electricity have only been restored to a few commercial areas in Tacloban — a once-bustling city of more than 221,000.
However, amid the damage, many are trying to restore normality, rebuilding their homes out of salvaged scrap or with material purchased with money provided by aid agencies.
Others huddle in white tents provided by the UN.
Some of the survivors have received small amounts of cash from the UN, the Philippine government and other aid groups.
The UN’s World Food Program has given out 1,300 pesos to 18,000 of the poorest families in Tacloban and nearby areas, spokeswoman Amor Almagro said.
The UN agency plans to provide US$6 million to 100,000 families in the next few weeks.
Other agencies are financing government schemes where people who lost their jobs are paid the minimum daily wage to clear debris from roads, Almagro told reporters.
The small dining table in the shanty of carpenter’s wife and mother-of-two Jean Dotado, 31, in Palo town was laden with apples, oranges, grapes, sliced bread and peanut butter, funded by the UN cash windfall.
“These should tide us through Christmas,” said Dotado, whose makeshift home, comprising roofing and wooden planks scavenged from a local school destroyed by the typhoon, also contained sardines, sacks of rice and instant noodles from aid groups.
Dotado’s neighbor Shirley Dinalo, 20, said she would use the cash handout to buy medicines for her two daughters, aged two and four, who have been suffering from colds.
The family is staying with her in-laws after their own house was destroyed by storm surges.
She said that her husband, a van driver, did not have any money and the family did not plan on doing anything special today.