Holding a Bible in her arms at the start of Holy Week, seamstress Maria Munoz waited patiently to visit the tomb of the man she considers to be another savior of humanity.
The 64-year-old said she had already turned her humble one-bedroom house into a shrine devoted to late Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez. Now, her brother-in-law was looking for a larger house to display six boxes’ worth of Chavez relics that her family collected throughout his political career, she said.
“He saved us from so many politicians who came before him,” Munoz said as tears welled in her eyes. “He saved us from everything.”
Chavez’s diehard followers considered him a living legend on a par with Venezuelan independence hero Simon Bolivar well before his March 5 death from cancer. However, in the three weeks since then, Chavez has ascended to divine status in the deeply Catholic country as the government and Chavistas build a religious mythology around him ahead of the country’s April 14 elections.
Acting Venezuelan president Nicolas Maduro has led the way, repeatedly calling the late president “the redeemer Christ of the Americas” and describing Chavistas, including himself, as “apostles.”
Maduro went even further after Argentine Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio became Pope Francis last month. Maduro said Chavez had advised Jesus in heaven that it was time for a South American pope.
Maduro’s government is looping ads on state television comparing Chavez to sainted heroes and has put up countless banners around the capital, Caracas, bearing Chavez’s image and the message: “From his hands sprouts the rain of life.”
“President Chavez is in heaven,” Maduro told a March 16 rally in the poor Caracas neighborhood of Catia. “I don’t have any doubt that if any man who walked this Earth did what was needed so that Christ the redeemer would give him a seat at his side, it was our redeemer liberator of the 21st century: the comandante Hugo Chavez.”
Chavistas such as Munoz have filled Venezuela with murals, posters and other artwork showing Chavez in holy poses. One poster on sale in downtown Caracas depicts Chavez holding a shining gold cross in his hands beside a quote from the Book of Joshua: “Comrade, be not afraid. Neither be dismayed, for I Will be with you each instant.” The original scripture says “Lord thy God,” and not “I,” will accompany humanity each instant.
The late leader encouraged such treatment as he built an elaborate cult of personality and mythologized his rise to power, said Carolina Acosta-Alzuru, a University of Georgia academic from Venezuela.
She said Chavez’s successors are clearly hoping that pumping up that mythology can boost Maduro’s presidential campaign, which is based almost entirely on promises to continue Chavez’s legacy.
The opposition candidate, Miranda State Governor Henrique Capriles, counters that Maduro is not Chavez, and highlights the problems that Chavez left behind, such as soaring crime and inflation.
“Sometimes I feel that Venezuelan politics has become a big church. Sometimes I feel it has become a big mausoleum,” Acosta-Alzuru said.
Teacher Geraldine Escalona said she believed Chavez served a divine purpose during his 58 years on earth, including launching free housing and education programs and pushing the cause of Latin American unity.
“God used him for this, for unifying our country and Latin America,” the 22-year-old said. “I saw him as a kind of God.”