John Wilpers Jr, the last surviving member of the US Army intelligence unit that captured former Japanese prime minister Hideki Tojo after World War II, has died at 93.
Wilpers died on Thursday at an assisted living facility near his home in Garrett Park, Maryland, his son John Wilpers III said on Monday.
The upstate New York native was part of a five-man unit ordered to arrest Tojo at his home in a Tokyo suburb on Sept. 11, 1945, nine days after Japan’s surrender ended the war.
While the soldiers were outside, Tojo attempted to commit suicide by shooting himself in the chest. Wilpers ordered a Japanese doctor at gunpoint to treat Tojo until a US doctor arrived.
Tojo survived, was convicted of war crimes and was executed in December 1948.
Wilpers, a retired CIA employee, did not give media interviews until 2010, when he was awarded a belated Bronze Star by the army.
“He was terribly proud of what he did, but was not boastful,” his son John said.
Wilpers, a 25-year-old lieutenant from Saratoga Springs, New York, was on the detail US General Douglas MacArthur dispatched to arrest Tojo, sought by the Allied powers so he could be tried for atrocities committed by Japanese troops during the war, including the Bataan Death March.
After arriving at Tojo’s house, the Americans heard a gunshot from inside. Wilpers kicked in a door to find Tojo slumped in a chair, his white shirt covered in blood. The bullet had missed his heart, but left Tojo severely wounded.
According to reporters and photographers who followed the unit into the room and Wilpers’ own account given three years ago, Tojo’s house staff and a Japanese doctor were reluctant to help the wounded man until Wilpers pointed his gun at the physician and ordered him to start treatment.
A US Army doctor and medical staff eventually showed up and kept Tojo from dying.
A famous photograph published in Yank magazine shows Wilpers pointing his gun at the bloodied Tojo.
Wilpers went on to a 33-year career with the CIA. He and his wife, Marian, who died in 2006, raised five children while living in a Washington suburb, but he did not tell any of them about his wartime experiences until decades later.
“It was a job we were told to do and we did it,” Wilpers said in September 2010, just before the 65th anniversary of Tojo’s capture. “After, it was, ‘Let’s move on. Let’s get back to the US.’”