Mon, Feb 20, 2012 - Page 7 News List

Easter Islanders to choose queen in culture spectacle


Canoe and swim races across an extinct volcanic crater, palm tree sledding down a hill, late-night dance and song marathons — on Easter Island, choosing a queen is a tough slog.

One of the world’s remotest islands is in the throes of Tapati, an all-out 15-day contest between rival teams to crown a new monarch, held under the silent gaze of the island’s rows of giant monolithic stone heads.

In a battle that reaches its peak this week, the Polynesian island’s 6,700 people must choose between Lily, 20, and Celine, 15. And, although it’s a lot of fun, the annual fight for the crown is no laughing matter.

“This is a war, and it has already begun,” Celine said at the start of the contest, which is driven not only by the rivals’ qualities, but also their family connections in a society where nearly everyone is related.

The new queen will reign for a year, and although she has no political power, she will be expected to represent Easter Island in other cultural events in Polynesia or Chile, of which the island is a territory.

Preparations for the events take almost a year, during which hundreds of plumed costumes, grass weaves and sea conches are assembled.

Teams of competitors must be plied with food and drink as they dance, sing, swim, row and even surf for their royal favorite, with a panel of judges keeping a running point tally to finally declare a winner.

Easter Island — dubbed the “navel of the world” — lies in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, more than five hours’ flight from Tahiti in the west, and Chile’s capital Santiago in the east.

Rapa Nui, as its inhabitants call it, has retained its Polynesian identity and in particular its relationship with the Marquesas archipelago. Rapa Nui and Spanish are its official languages.

Relations with the Chilean government went through a tense stretch last year amid protests for ancestral rights to the land, greater political autonomy and protection of the island’s sparse natural resources.

The island’s remoteness has not discouraged tourists from traveling there, most of them eager to see its 887 famous stone statues, or moai, the main draw of the UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Santiago has agreed to limit the numbers of people not born on the island, who now account for nearly 30 percent of the population, a presence that strained Easter Island’s society and ecosystem.

The Hanga Roa airport now receives 65,000 travelers a year, about as many as the island can absorb, says Luz Zasso Haoa, mayor of the island’s capital.

Many of them come for Tapati, a highlight on the cultural calendar.

Word has spread about the colorful cultural event. A dance company from the Marquesas, Kaipeka, whose virile war dances are known throughout the South Pacific, is taking part this year for the first time.

Candidates for queen must direct traditional dances with as many as 300 performers on stage. They must also speak the Rapa Nui language, sing, dance, swim and master other arts handed down by their ancestors.

Other more modern disciplines, such as the accordion or the tango, also figure in the competition, which usually ends at 2am each night.

During the festival’s traditional triathlon, athletes row canoes made of reeds, run around the spectacular water-filled crater of the Rano Raraku volcano and then swim across it.

Others race horses — a major mode of transport on the island — raising huge dust clouds on the largely barren surface.

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